Why Are There 12 People on a Jury?

Answer

The Court had long taken the position that a jury in a criminal case must have 12 members. In 1898, the Court said, 'a jury comprised of 12 persons, neither more or less' was a constitutional requirement. The Court noted that the Sixth Amendment says nothing at all about jury size, even though 12 person-juries had been traditionally used in America. The expectation that a jury consists of 12 members dated back to the 1300s, but the Court found that to be a 'historical accident.' 
Q&A Related to "Why Are There 12 People on a Jury?"
There are twelve members of a jury for the same reason there are twelve donuts in a dozen. This rules out favoritism and allows the defendant a fair trial.
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Explore this Topic
There are twelve members of a jury for the same reason there are twelve donuts in a dozen. This rules out favoritism and allows the defendant a fair trial. ...
The only real reason there are twelve people on a jury is because that is the way it has always been done that way since the time of King Henry of England. ...
There are not always 12 jurors, the number is specified by the laws of the state in which the legal action occurs. There can be between 6-12 jurors in a civil ...
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