Why did Arthur Miller write "The Crucible"?


Arthur Miller wrote "The Crucible" as a commentary or parable on the United States during the McCarthy Era of the 1950s. It is written as historical fiction, however, through the play, Miller illuminated how the social injustice of the Puritan's witchcraft trials was no different than what was unfolding around him during the McCarthy Era.

Arthur Miller saw people he knew being accused by Senator Joseph McCarthy and decided to create a social commentary through his play, "The Crucible." A common theme in most of Miller's plays is the personal and social responsibility to stand up to injustice from family and society.

During the Cold War, Republican Senator Joseph McCarthy led speeches, campaigns and trials against suspected Communists in the government, armed forces and even Hollywood. He used his accusatory techniques to stir up the country to paranoia, much like what happened with the witchcraft trails in Salem. McCarthy fed off of the public's fear of Communists to increase his popularity. Later, it was revealed he falsely accused many people, just like in Salem. In the 1950s "McCarthyism" came to refer to McCarthy's accusatory tactics and the general atmosphere of fear during the Cold War. Today the term "McCarthyist" refers to someone who slanders a political opponent's character with baseless attacks.

Q&A Related to "Why did Arthur Miller write "The Crucible"?"
The overall reason why Arthur Miller wrote "The Crucible" was to protect his career. As a writer, he could have been blacklisted by the House of Representatives Committee
One of the reasons he wrote it was because he read a book by Charles W. Upham, who was the mayor of Salem at the time, and he just knew he had to write it.
Miller wrote his play about unwarranted persecution in response to
Arthur Miller is an American playwright who wrote The Crucible in 1952. Thus, the play was written on the heels of World War II, which ended in 1945, and was written during a time
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Why Did Arthur Miller Write "The Crucible"?
Arthur Miller wrote "The Crucible" for a variety of reasons. At the time of its release, Senator Joe McCarthy was head of a committee to question people about their relationships to Communist sympathizers and the party itself. Miller was able to convey... More »
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