Why did Americans use the atomic bomb on Hiroshima?

Answer

The Americans used the atomic bomb on Hiroshima because the Japanese refused to surrender when facing conventional warfare. Although the Japanese position was hopeless, they continued to fight, and casualties were rising.

In the middle of 1945, Germany had capitulated, and the American forces were overwhelming Japanese opposition. The Americans demanded Japanese surrender in the Potsdam Declaration, but rather than accept the terms, the Japanese increased resistance. In order to quell the Japanese forces, the United States needed to demonstrate indomitable force.

Many generals advocated continuing traditional warfare, including heavy bombing of the Japanese mainland, coupled with a massive invasion. This operation was code named "Operation Downfall." However, while this approach may have proven successful, the generals estimated that up to a million U.S. soldiers could die in the action. President Truman balked at such a death toll, and opted instead to use an atomic bomb, which had recently been developed by the Manhattan Project.

The bomb was intended to warn Japan of the devastating force possible from the U.S. military forces so that they would have no choice but to surrender. Hiroshima was selected as it was a major manufacturing hub. When the bomb was dropped, 80,000 civilians were killed immediately, and a huge number were injured. However, the Japanese did not surrender immediately after the bombing; instead, the United States had to drop a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki to bring about Japanese capitulation.

Q&A Related to "Why did Americans use the atomic bomb on Hiroshima..."
President Truman stated that he needed to end the war and to collapse Japan's means to make war ever again.
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_did_Hiroshima_Happen
This always happens fairly early in the primary. People freaked out when it happened to Hillary and Obama in the early stages of the 08 campaign as well (Obama actually got a detail
http://www.quora.com/Mitt-Romney-is-now-receiving-...
Hiroshima happened on August 6,
http://www.chacha.com/question/when-did-the-hirosh...
green jelly bean also left out that in order to force surrender of Japan there were only a few options: Moving the European fighting force (after VE Day( victory europe) to the Pacific
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=201002...
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