Why was the pencil invented?

Answer

Although no documents state the motivation for the pencil's invention, it was likely first created as an alternative to pens. According to Pencils.com, the first known pencils were developed shortly after the discovery of a graphite deposit in Borrowdale, England, in 1564.

When pencils were invented, pens required a separate inkwell, so pencils provided a more mobile writing solution. Pencils don't smear and may make writing easier to learn. The discovery of large graphite deposits and sophisticated manufacturing made pencils a cheaper alternative to pens. Pencils are now widely used in schools across the globe due to their low cost and convenient erasers.

Reference:
Q&A Related to "Why was the pencil invented?"
the pencil was invented because N. J. Conte thought that no else could do it also that it was to be used more than the pen was.
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_was_the_pencil_inven...
The pencil sharpener (manual, not electric) was invented by an African-American man named John Lee Love from Fall River, Massachusetts. Love's invention was not the first sharpener,
http://www.ask.com/web-answers/Business/Constructi...
The first pencil sharpener documented by the site OfficeMuseum.com was a small, hand-held device patented in 1865 by the company Eureka. Other small, handheld sharpeners were patented
http://www.ehow.com/about_4614788_who-invented-pen...
Joey. 's answer is partially correct. . The first. patent. for the mechanical pencil was granted in 1822 to the silversmith Sampson Mordan and engineer John Isaac Hawkins. However
http://www.quora.com/Who-invented-the-mechanical-p...
Explore this Topic
The mechanical pencil was originally called the refillable pencil. The first refillable and propelling pencil was patented by Sampson Mordan and John Isaac Hawkins ...
Pencils were invented in 1795 by a French scientist named Nicolas-Jacques Conte. He used a mixture of graphite, clay and water baked in a kiln to create the " ...
In 1897, the pencil sharpener was invented by John Lee Love. He was issued a patent for it on Nov. 23, 1897. That style of pencil sharpener is still in use today ...
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