Acceleration is measured by using an accelerometer, an electromechanical device that measures acceleration forces. Dimension Engineering explains that these forces can be static, such as those caused by gravity, or dynamic, as in those that cause motion.Know More
Accelerometers can work in a variety of ways, but the two main types work through piezoelectricity, or capacitance. Piezoelectric material generates an electrical charge when a pressure is applied to it. When a vibration or change in motion (acceleration) occurs, a mass in the accelerometer will apply a pressure to the piezoelectric material proportional to the acceleration; thus, the piezoelectric material will generate an electric charge proportional to the acceleration. Since accelerometers are typically calibrated, the measured output charge can easily be corresponded to an acceleration.
Another way accelerometers can work is through capacitance. According to Wikipedia, capacitance occurs when two conducting materials are separated by a non-conducting material, like air, and the distance between them determines the amount of capacitance that is available. If the two conducting materials move apart due to acceleration, then the capacitance between them changes. By introducing circuitry, it is possible to convert from capacitance to a measurable voltage, which corresponds to an acceleration as with a piezoelectric accelerometer.Learn more about Motion & Mechanics
There is no such thing as a formula for deceleration; there is only a formula for acceleration. To find the acceleration, subtract the initial velocity from the final velocity and divide that sum by the time taken. If that formula yields a negative answer, it indicates a negative acceleration, or deceleration.Full Answer >
The concept of air resistance is related to Newton's second law of motion, which describes acceleration and force. Air resistance is a significant factor in how fast an object falls, according to this law.Full Answer >
Gravitational potential energy depends on the mass of the object, acceleration because of gravity and the height of the object from a zero position, which is typically the ground or surface where the object is resting. This is because potential energy is the amount of energy stored in an object due to its position and represents the potential for a force, such as gravity, to do work on the object.Full Answer >
The Engineering Toolbox notes that acceleration due to gravity refers to the constant value of 9.81 meter per second ^2 or 32.174 feet per second ^2. These values are used in physics with Newton's Second Law, which equates the relationship of a force to the product of mass and acceleration.Full Answer >