Acceleration is measured by using an accelerometer, an electromechanical device that measures acceleration forces. Dimension Engineering explains that these forces can be static, such as those caused by gravity, or dynamic, as in those that cause motion.Know More
Accelerometers can work in a variety of ways, but the two main types work through piezoelectricity, or capacitance. Piezoelectric material generates an electrical charge when a pressure is applied to it. When a vibration or change in motion (acceleration) occurs, a mass in the accelerometer will apply a pressure to the piezoelectric material proportional to the acceleration; thus, the piezoelectric material will generate an electric charge proportional to the acceleration. Since accelerometers are typically calibrated, the measured output charge can easily be corresponded to an acceleration.
Another way accelerometers can work is through capacitance. According to Wikipedia, capacitance occurs when two conducting materials are separated by a non-conducting material, like air, and the distance between them determines the amount of capacitance that is available. If the two conducting materials move apart due to acceleration, then the capacitance between them changes. By introducing circuitry, it is possible to convert from capacitance to a measurable voltage, which corresponds to an acceleration as with a piezoelectric accelerometer.Learn more about Motion & Mechanics
The equation for tension in a rope is weight plus the product of mass and acceleration. This can be expressed as T = W + ma.Full Answer >
Newton's First Law of Motion is the Law of Inertia, and the Second Law of Motion expresses the relationship between force, mass and acceleration. The Third Law of Motion states that "for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction."Full Answer >
Gravitational potential energy depends on the mass of the object, acceleration because of gravity and the height of the object from a zero position, which is typically the ground or surface where the object is resting. This is because potential energy is the amount of energy stored in an object due to its position and represents the potential for a force, such as gravity, to do work on the object.Full Answer >
To calculate acceleration, divide the change in velocity by the total time. Acceleration values are expressed in units of velocity per time, including meters per second squared.Full Answer >