Q:

How is acetone made?

A:

Quick Answer

Acetone can be made using a wide variety of methods, although as of 2015, approximately 90 percent of acetone produced in the United States is made through the hydrolysis of cumene hydroperoxide. Earlier methods of acetone production included carbohydrate fermentation of molasses or corn and thermal decomposition of calcium acetate.

Know More

Full Answer

Cumene peroxidation involves the splitting of cumene hydroperoxide in the presence of sulphuric acid, which results in acetone and phenol. Under normal circumstances, this produces approximately 0.62 tons of acetone for every 1 ton of phenol. This process became more popular in the 1960s due to the increased supply of propylene.

Acetone, also known as dimethylketone, is a colorless liquid with a somewhat sweet smell. It is one of the most used chemical solvents in the world. Although it is extremely flammable, acetone has a very low toxicity and is naturally produced by the body in small amounts.

According to Dow Chemicals, approximately 70 percent of the acetone produced in the world is used to manufacture other chemicals, and about 12 percent is used in its pure form as a solvent. Approximately 6 percent of acetone is used to manufacture pharmaceuticals. Some of the other chemicals produced with acetone include adhesives, general purpose cements, paint thinner, nail polish remover and other cosmetic products.

Learn more about Chemical Equations

Related Questions

  • Q:

    How is nail polish remover made?

    A:

    Nail polish remover is made with acetone or ethyl acetate. Acetone is harsher on nails and skin, but it can be used to remove artificial nails, which are usually made with acrylic, and is the only polish remover that can remove gel nail polish. Ethyl acetate is usually combined with isopropyl alcohol in non-acetone nail polish remover.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are Bradford White water heaters?

    A:

    Bradford White offers a wide variety of residential and commercial water heaters that are energy efficient and manufactured in the United States. The company's website provides a complete list of products and features.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do you write skeleton equations?

    A:

    Skeleton equations are created by placing the reactants, separated by plus signs, on the left-hand side, and the products on the right-hand side. These skeleton equations are generally unbalanced because they imply that only one molecule of each reactant and product is involved, which is not always the case.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the Lewis structure for nitrogen monoxide?

    A:

    The Lewis structure for nitrogen monoxide is an N surrounded by three dots and connected by two pairs of dots to an O that is surrounded by four additional dots. The two atoms of nitrogen monoxide are represented by an N for nitrogen and an O for oxygen.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore