Q:

What is acid made of?

A:

Quick Answer

Acids are made up of at least one hydrogen atom. Some examples of acid include inorganic substances known as mineral acids, which are sulfuric, nitric, hydrochloric and phosphoric acids. Acid is also made up of organic compounds belonging to the carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid and phenol groups.

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Full Answer

According to Encyclopedia Britannica, factors that identify an acid are a substance tasting sour in a water solution or changing the color of certain indicators, such as turning blue litmus paper red. Some substances that are acids, such as iron, react with metals to liberate hyrdrogen, react with bases to form salts or promote chemical reactions called acid catalysis.

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Related Questions

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    Is bleach an acid or an alkali?

    A:

    Bleach is an alkaline. It is considered hydrocyanic, which has very little to do with acidity or alkalinity processes, but helps to make it one of the strongest alkaline substances.

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    Is acid bad for you?

    A:

    Acids are not inherently dangerous or bad for the health. Ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, is important in many body processes. Very strong acids, however, are dangerous and corrosive.

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  • Q:

    Is HF an acid or a base?

    A:

    HF has a pKa value of 3.17, which indicates that it is a weak acid. It is the chemical symbol for hydrogen fluoride, which, when added to an aqueous solution, becomes hydrofluoric acid.

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  • Q:

    Is NH3 an acid or a base?

    A:

    NH3, also known as ammonia, is a weak base. It is basic because the molecule reacts with water to form negatively charged ions of OH. Strong bases completely dissociate in reaction to water, but NH3 retains its original form.

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