Some acids that react with metals are sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and nitric acid. The most common metals that react with acids are iron, lead, magnesium and zinc.Know More
Many metals react with acids, but not all. As metals react with acids, salts and hydrogen gas form.
Aluminium, iron, lead, magnesium, tin and zinc all react safely with diluted acid. Magnesium has the fastest reaction and lead has the slowest.
Zinc is often combined with diluted sulphuric acid in creating laboratory prepared hydrogen. The reaction between them is slow at room temperature, but the rate can be increased by adding a small amount of copper sulphate. The zinc displaces the copper, which then acts as a catalyst.
Metals that react with acids are called active metals. These metals can displace the hydrogen ions from acids to create hydrogen gas. Copper, gold, platinum and silver are not active enough to react with acids. They cannot displace hydrogen from non-metal anions.
The general equation for this form of chemical reaction is written as "active metal + acid = salt + hydrogen gas." Hydrochloric acid creates a metal chloride and sulphuric acid creates a metal sulphate.
With nitric acid, the nitrate is formed but the gas produced is rarely hydrogen. More often, it is an oxide of nitrogen.Learn more about Acids & Bases
There are numerous different kinds of acidic substances, like battery acid, concentrated sulfuric acid and lemon juice. These substances all have their own values of acidity, however, which is measured using the pH scale.Full Answer >
The products formed when acids react with carbonates are a form of salt, carbon dioxide and water. In general, many alkali and alkaline earth metal carbonates will react with acids to create these products.Full Answer >
The two functional groups always found in amino acids are carboxyl and amino groups. Both groups are acidic. A peptide bond occurs when the carboxyl group of one amino acid joins the amino end of another.Full Answer >
One of the main differences between acids and bases is that acids have a pH that is less than 7 and bases have a pH that is greater than 7. When dissolved in water, acids are substances that will cause the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+) to increase. Bases, when dissolved in water, will instead cause the number of hydroxide ions (OH-) to increase.Full Answer >