Q:

What are the advantages of volcanoes?

A:

Some of the advantages that volcanoes provide include the creation of new land, mineral deposits and beautiful landscapes that generate tourism. Active volcanoes actively cool the Earth, as their emissions remove heat from the planet's interior. Volcanic activity also helped produce the Earth's atmosphere and oceans in the past.

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Deposits resulting from volcanic eruptions are used as building materials. These materials come in the form of basalt and diabase that are used in various construction elements, such as concrete aggregate, road metal and railroad ballast. Concrete shields used in nuclear reactors are also partially made up of high-density basalt and diabase aggregate.

Volcanoes also play an active role in island creation around the planet. A famous example is the Hawaiian island chain, which was created by eruptions from a volcanic hot spot in the region. Volcanic eruptions also bring forth precious gems, such as opals. Pumice stone, which is used in construction and as an excess-skin remover, also is created in volcanic eruptions.

Volcanoes are also a large source of geothermal energy. This allows regions around a volcano to subsidize their energy requirements by siphoning energy from it. Iceland, which is one of the more volcanically active countries in the world, uses geothermal energy to provide for a sizable portion of its power requirements.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why are volcanoes so dangerous?

    A:

    Active volcanoes are dangerous for a number of reasons, including their tendency to erupt and send poisonous gas and choking ash across wide areas. Even when they aren't erupting, volcanoes can potentially cause major landslides and sudden mudflows.

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  • Q:

    Why do volcanoes occur?

    A:

    Volcanoes occur when magma from the earth's mantle reaches the surface. This can happen at the place where two tectonic plates diverge or converge. It can also occur in a place called a hotspot, in which magma from the mantle reaches the surface in the middle of a tectonic plate.

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  • Q:

    What are some names of volcanoes?

    A:

    Names of some of the world's most famous volcanoes include Mount Vesuvius, Krakatoa, Mount St. Helens and Mount Tambora. While some of these volcanoes are known to be dangerous, as of 2015 some have not been active for over 100 years.

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  • Q:

    What are active and inactive volcanoes?

    A:

    Active volcanoes are those that have erupted recently or regularly erupt, and inactive volcanoes are those that have not erupted for a long time. The exact time distinction between active and inactive volcanoes differs between experts.

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