Arkive describes the African savannah as a vast grassland ecosystem with consistently warm temperatures, making it an ideal habitat for a wide variety of animals. African food chains vary slightly depending on location, but Arkive explains that each one consists of herbivores, carnivores, scavengers, decomposers and producers.Know More
ExploringNature.org explains that the vulture and hyena are prime examples of scavengers, and producers on the African savannah include trees, grass and shrubs. Mushrooms, tiny organisms and insects such as dung beetles are Africa's decomposers.
According to Wikipedia, apex predators are at the top of any food chain. An apex predator is a predator that does not fall prey to others once it reaches adulthood. Scavengers such as vultures are not considered apex predators because they don't depend on catching live prey. Wikipedia states that the major apex predators in the African savannah include the black-backed jackal, African wild dog, African lion, cheetah, chimpanzee, honey badger, mandrill, leopard and Nile crocodile. Predators are called secondary consumers in food chains.
TheSafariGuide.net lists herbivorous animals in the African food chain, including the zebra, many different antelope species, wildebeest, giraffe and warthog. Wikipedia states the elephant, rhinoceros and hippopotamus are the three largest African herbivores and have nothing to fear from predators other than humans. Herbivores are called primary consumers in food chains.Learn more about Zoology
According to Blue Planet Biomes, the temperate grassland food chain includes plants, insects and a wide range of larger animals that work together to meet the needs for energy within the ecosystem. The temperate grassland food chain begins when a producer is consumed.Full Answer >
Caimans usually sit at the top of the food chain in their environment, only to be hunted by jaguars and sometimes by anacondas. Jaguars are large cats that can fight caimans in and out of the water, while anacondas can hunt small caimans but usually lose to the large ones.Full Answer >
Beavers are primary consumers, pure herbivores that eat parts of hardwood trees including their leaves, bark and the softer tissue beneath the bark. They also consume all parts of aquatic plants in their environment. They are preyed upon by wolves, bears, wolverines, red foxes, lynx and otters.Full Answer >
Insects appear on the highest levelof the food chain: they classify as primary or secondary decomposers, depending on the species, and help to break down organic material such as wood, leaves and plants. Insects consume dead and decaying matter, essentially recycling remains back into the Earth, and serve as food for many other animals on the food chain too. They follow consumers on the food chain, which in turn derive energy from producers such as plants and fungi.Full Answer >