Wind is the agent of erosion that creates sand dunes. The wind blows grains of sand into a sheltered or otherwise secure location, allowing gradual accumulation.Know More
Each dune features a windward face and a slip face. The windward face is the area where the sand is blowing and pushing materials upward. The slip face is the side that does not experience wind. Dunes that are formed underwater experience a similar phenomenon but through currents of water instead.
Sand dunes are classified by shape. Crescentric dunes are crescent-shaped, while linear dunes are mostly straight. Star dunes occur when wind from many different directions blows sand. Dome dunes are circular, lacking a slip face. Parabolic dunes are formed by wind that blows outward from their center.Learn more about Erosion & Weathering
Wind erosion happens when pieces of the Earth are worn away by strong winds over time, and water erosion happens when moving water such as ocean waves wear away rock instead of seeping into the ground. Water is a more powerful erosion force than wind.Full Answer >
Sheet erosion refers to the loss of the top layers of nutrient-rich topsoil due to falling rain loosening soil particles and carrying them across the land. Sheet erosion is named so due to the relatively even removal of soil particles, likened to a sheet of topsoil that gets eroded.Full Answer >
The effects of erosion are varied, but the most obvious effect is the removal and destruction of land. Whether caused by wind or water, erosion leads to the displacement of soil, rocks, plants and seeds. These direct effects can often lead to broader consequences, including shrinking habitats for animals, accumulation of sediments, the removal of nutrients and other negative effects.Full Answer >
Headward erosion occurs when the source of a stream channel is lengthened by erosion of the rock and soil in its basin. This type of erosion occurs in the opposite direction of the flow of the stream.Full Answer >