Air pollution affects the environment by causing acid rain, reducing visibility, damaging plants and animals, and contributing to climate change. It has a negative effect on biodiversity and the survival of species. Air pollution is caused by both particulate and gaseous pollutants.Know More
Toxic air pollutants, such as sulfates, nitrates, dust, lead and mercury, accumulate in the food chain and harm plant and animal species. These pollutants emanate from industries, power plants and pesticide applications.
Acid rain is formed when nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide react with oxygen and water in air to form acidic compounds. These compounds acidify streams, lakes and the soil, causing chemical alteration and damage to the ecosystem. Acid rain also corrodes buildings and other materials.
Air pollutants, such as carbon dioxide and methane, cause climate change by depleting the ozone layer, leading to increased amounts of ultraviolet radiation on the Earth’s surface. Excessive heat causes damage to crops and diseases, such as cataracts and skin cancer, in humans.
Greenhouse gases are released from fossil fuels, such as natural gas and gasoline. Particulate pollutants in smoke and smog are the cause of loss of visibility in areas with high levels of air pollution. Air pollution also emanates from natural sources, such as volcanic activity, dust storms and forest fires.Learn more about Pollution
Air pollution is a problem because it can cause damage to animals, trees, plants, crops and water sources in the environment. Pollution in the air causes problems for aviation because it reduces visibility, while also being responsible for damaging buildings and other structures. Pollutants in the air can end up in natural water supplies that humans use for drinking, which can result in water that is toxic and unhealthy for humans to consume.Full Answer >
An increasing number of studies indicate that wildlife is stressed by noise pollution causing a variety of impacts on the environment by disturbing mammal, bird and fish feeding and breeding patterns. According to the National Park Service, these effects are compounded by other stressors including disease and extreme weather.Full Answer >
Air pollution affects plants through various ways including acidification, eutrophication and ground-level ozone. Chemicals react with air to form compounds that cause harm to vegetation. Air pollutants, including sulfuric acid, mix with water droplets that form clouds. The resulting acidic rain is harmful to trees, fish, animals and other organisms.Full Answer >
Water pollution can stunt, sicken, kill or sterilize aquatic animals and plants. Water pollution affects plants and animals in a variety of ways, depending on the nature of the pollutant in question. Because most pollution eventually makes its way to the world’s waters, it is a difficult type of pollution to prevent.Full Answer >