Altitude affects climate in that the higher up you get, the more the temperature drops. The temperature goes down roughly 4 degrees Fahrenheit for every 1,000 feet you climb. Altitude is the subject's distance from the sea. This is why a lot of high-up places such as mountaintops often get snow for most of the year when other places do not, no matter how low the temperature drops.Know More
The higher the pressure of any gas, such as air, the warmer it becomes. When pressure is relieved, the gas cools. On Earth, the air pressure is approximately 14.7 pounds per square inch at sea level. At about 50,000 feet above sea level, the air pressure is reduced to about 1.6 pounds per square inch. This means that in those areas, the temperature is extremely low.
Cooler temperatures in higher spaces translates to less evaporation and more moisture in the air; this is another reason why mountains have a lot of snowfall. Mountains sometimes prevent air from moving to other low areas due to their sheer size, meaning that the transportation of water is also limited. This can result in a very dry or desert-like climate in the lower regions. Often, two sides of the same mountain have different climates because of the water and air movement.Learn More
The atmosphere becomes less dense as altitude increases because there is less weight on the air molecules, making them less compressed. The air at lower altitudes is denser because it is pressed down by the weight of all the air molecules above. Also, the further away air molecules are from the Earth, the less weight they have because of a lower gravitational pull.Full Answer >
When altitude increases, air temperature decreases. This is because, with an increase in altitude, there is a decrease in air pressure. When air pressure decreases, air cools down.Full Answer >
Depending on the layer of the atmosphere, the temperature can either decrease or increase at rising altitudes. The five layers of the atmosphere, from lowest to highest, are the troposphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere, the thermosphere and the exosphere.Full Answer >
As altitude increases, the air pressure decreases. The surface of the earth is the bottom of an ocean of air. The layers on top increase pressure so that at sea level a body is under 14.7 pounds of pressure per square inch. Moving up in altitude decreases weight of air that causes the pressure. At 18,000 feet, the pressure decreases to 7.4 pounds of pressure per square inch.Full Answer >