Amino acids are used in the human body to make proteins which help the body grow, repair body tissue and break down food. Amino acids help with muscle control, build muscle tissue and protect the body’s nervous system. They also increase the production of growth hormones in the body, such as testosterone.Know More
Amino acids are organic compounds made of amine and carboxylic acid functional groups. The key elements of an amino acid include oxygen, hydrogen, carbon and nitrogen. The human body produces nonessential amino acids such as glutamic acid, alanine and aspartic acid, but it does not produce essential amino acids, which must be obtained from food. Essential amino acids include leucine, histidine, lysine, phenylalanine, valine, threonine and tryptophan.
Amino acids help eliminate excess fat stored in the blood stream, stimulate parts of the nervous system that control metabolism and energy production, and aid in the synthesis of molecules. For instance, tryptophan is a precursor of the neurotransmitter serotonin.
Amino acids deficiency causes weight loss, diarrhea, changes in hair or skin, low energy and lack of mental alertness. Diseases and conditions such as kwashiorkor, decreased blood protein levels, decreased muscle mass, drop in blood cell numbers, slow growth and reproductive disorders are all associated with low levels of amino acids in the body.Learn more about Biology
Proteins are assembled inside the body's cells by arranging amino acids into specific linear sequences and releasing them. After release from the assembly organelles, the amino acid chain twists into a three-dimensional shape that allows the protein to carry out certain functions in the body's chemistry.Full Answer >
The basic building blocks of protein are amino acids, organic compounds that contain the chemical subunits known as an amino group and a carboxyl group. To form proteins, amino acids bond to one another with a special chemical bond known as a peptide bond.Full Answer >
Proteins are large macromolecules that are made up of smaller units called amino acids, attached to form long chains. Proteins are required for maintaining the structure, function and regulation of the body's tissues and organs and can be described and categorized according to their function in the body.Full Answer >
Mansoura University explains that the end products of protein digestion in the small intestine are amino acids. The amino acids are then absorbed into the bloodstream through the walls of the intestine with the help of carrier proteins or other mechanisms. This digestion is at the end of a multi-step process during which the proteins are denatured and progressively broken into their constituent peptides by a sequence of enzymes.Full Answer >