In sequencing the genome of the chimpanzee, scientists discovered that the great ape's DNA is 96 percent similar to that of human beings. This prompted many in the scientific community to contend that human beings are truly apes themselves.Know More
While mapping the above-mentioned chimp genome, researchers learned that the number of genetic differences between chimps and humans is 10 times smaller than that between rats and mice.
In the course of their work, researchers also learned that various classes of human and chimp genes, including those related to the transmission of nerve signals and the perception of sound, are changing at a remarkably rapid rate.Learn more about Molecular Biology & DNA
Both DNA and RNA are macromolecules that consist of long chains of nucleotides. Both contain the specific nucleotide bases adenine, guanine and cytosine, although the fourth base differs between DNA and RNA. Both molecules are found in the cell's nucleus, but RNA may also be found in the cytoplasm.Full Answer >
Human DNA contains a total of approximately 3 billion base pairs within the genome. These base pairs are contained within 23 chromosome pairs.Full Answer >
DNA replication is a process in which DNA is duplicated so that it can be integrated into a new cell during cell division. The process produces two identical replicas of the DNA molecule from one original DNA molecule. It occurs in every living organism on Earth, allowing parental generations to pass on genes to their offspring.Full Answer >
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is a chain that is made up of smaller parts known as nucleotides. These nucleotides are then made up of three different parts of nucleotides: the sugar group, the phosphate group and a group of four different nitrogen bases, which are adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T).Full Answer >