Equatorial animals include mammals such as elephants and jaguars, amphibians and reptiles such as poison dart frogs and anacondas, and a wide variety of insects and birds. Due to habitat loss, several of these species are endangered as of 2014.Know More
Many of the world's most important rainforests lie on or near the equator. Evolution occurs more quickly near the equator and equatorial regions boast some of the Earth's greatest species diversity. Rainforests are also home to may endangered animals, due mostly to habitat loss.
The African elephant is the world's largest land mammal and the forest subspecies of this huge mammal makes its home in equatorial forests of western and central Africa. Equally impressive is the jaguar, which makes its home in a diversity of habitats including the equatorial rainforests of South America.
Amphibians and reptiles abound in equatorial regions. Tiny, jewel-like poison dart frogs provide indigenous hunters with poison for darts and arrows. Native to Central and South America, the green anaconda is one the world's largest snakes. The golden toad was once found in 1.5 square miles of high altitude forest in Costa Rica; sadly, the last sighting of a golden toad was in 1989.
African grey parrots, king vultures and Andean condors are among the endangered bird species of equatorial regions.
Insect biodiversity in rainforests is staggering and includes leafcutter ants. Leafcutters are a model of sustainable agriculture; these ants harvest only small pieces of a great variety of plants, ensuring that no one plant builds up defenses against the ants.Learn more about Zoology
Aside from the fact that an array of animal species makes life on earth more interesting, protecting endangered species has important health benefits to humans. In particular, animals fit into the well-established ecological food chain, and extinction causes a disruption to natural order, according to the National Wildlife Federation.Full Answer >
Animals are an integral part of the Earth's ecosystem. Each organism in the ecosystem plays a role in supporting the ecological community, which means that animals play a vital role as well. Each organism in the ecosystem depends on the other organisms in the system to play its role. Without animals, there would be dysfunction within the system and human life would be disrupted.Full Answer >
There are many species of animals on Earth that spend the majority of their lives alone, including species of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, fish, insects and arachnids. Solitude is common in the animal world, and it may be only during the mating season that individual members of a species interact with each other.Full Answer >
Insects belong to the largest phylum of the animal kingdom and are called arthropods. According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, insects are members of the Arthropoda phylum and make up 84 percent of all the known animals on Earth.Full Answer >