Q:

What is another name for anaerobic respiration?

A:

Anaerobiosis is another name for anaerobic respiration, a type of cellular respiration that does not use oxygen. Cellular respiration is a way for cells to obtain energy by converting nutrients into adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. Anaerobiosis takes place in the cytoplasm in the forms of glycolysis and fermentation.

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Glycolysis allows for both aerobic and anaerobic respiration through the breakdown of glucose. Fermentation enables anaerobic respiration by donating electrons and hydrogen ions produced through glycolysis to other molecules. Fermentation is also used by muscle cells to make lactic acid, which the body needs for energy during periods of low oxygen levels.

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  • Q:

    What happens during anaerobic respiration?

    A:

    Anaerobic respiration refers to the enzymatic breakdown of sugar for energy in the absence of oxygen. Most cells in the human body can perform anaerobic respiration, at least for short periods of time. One molecule of glucose metabolized anaerobically to pyruvate yields two molecules of adenosine triphosphate (ATP); this is a low yield compared to aerobic respiration, in which 36 ATP molecules are generated for each glucose molecule metabolized.

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  • Q:

    What is aerobic respiration?

    A:

    Aerobic respiration is a chemical reaction that requires oxygen to generate adenosine triphosphate, or ATP, a chemical that cells use for energy. It is also referred to as intracellular energy transfer.

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  • Q:

    What is the maximum amount of ATP per glucose molecule produced by anaerobic respiration?

    A:

    Two ATP molecules can be produced per glucose molecule during anaerobic respiration, reports Eugene McCarthy, Ph.D., of Online Biology Dictionary. The steps of anaerobic metabolism consist of glycolysis to produce pyruvic acid, followed by its metabolism in the cytoplasm. Anaerobic respiration is much less efficient than aerobic metabolism.

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  • Q:

    What is the comparison between aerobic and anaerobic respiration?

    A:

    Aerobic respiration takes place in the presence of oxygen, while anaerobic respiration takes place when no oxygen is present, according to New Health Guide. Both aerobic and anaerobic respiration refer to breakdown of glucose that takes place on a cellular level.

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