Q:

What is ATP synthase?

A:

Quick Answer

ATP synthase is an enzyme that acts as a catalyst for the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). This occurs when adenosine diphosphate (ADP) is phosphorylated with inorganic phosphate by using some form of energy.

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Full Answer

ATP contains three phosphate rings, a ribose sugar and an adenine ring. Most living things use it as a major form of energy transfer in cells. ATP is also located in nucleic acid, where it is used in DNA transcription and replication. Different types of cells also use ATP for photosynthesis, beta oxidation, glycolysis and anaerobic respiration. It is continuously synthesized by ATP synthase and therefore has a high turnover rate in cells.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why is ATP so important?

    A:

    Adenosine triphosphate is the molecule that provides energy to cells for almost all processes that need energy. The energy is generated by removing phosphate groups from the molecule.

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  • Q:

    What is the chemical equation for cellular respiration?

    A:

    Cellular respiration is represented by the chemical formula C6H12 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy (as ATP). Written in word form, the formula is "glucose + oxygen = carbon dioxide + energy (as ATP)". "ATP" stands for "adenosine triphosphate," a nucleotide that stores and transmits energy.

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  • Q:

    What is the word equation for respiration?

    A:

    The word equation for cellular respiration is glucose (sugar) + oxygen = carbon dioxide + water + energy (as ATP). The balanced chemical equation for this reaction is C6H1206 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy (ATP). However, cellular or aerobic respiration takes place in stages, including glycolysis and the Kreb's cycle.

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  • Q:

    What is broken down during cellular respiration to release energy?

    A:

    During cellular respiration, glucose (sugar) is broken down to make adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Glucose is broken down into two pyruvic acid molecules during glycolysis, an anaerobic process occurring in the cytoplasm of the cell. High-energy electrons are also released and two ATP molecules are produced. The two pyruvic acid molecules then enter the mitochondria to begin the aerobic phase of cellular respiration.

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