ATP synthase is an enzyme that acts as a catalyst for the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). This occurs when adenosine diphosphate (ADP) is phosphorylated with inorganic phosphate by using some form of energy.
ATP contains three phosphate rings, a ribose sugar and an adenine ring. Most living things use it as a major form of energy transfer in cells. ATP is also located in nucleic acid, where it is used in DNA transcription and replication. Different types of cells also use ATP for photosynthesis, beta oxidation, glycolysis and anaerobic respiration. It is continuously synthesized by ATP synthase and therefore has a high turnover rate in cells.Learn More
Forensic science is important because it aids in establishing the guilt or innocence of potential suspects. Forensic evidence is also useful for linking crimes, which establishes the patterns of crimes and also narrows the number of probable suspects.Full Answer >
Frogs reproduce sexually, though the fertilization process typically happens outside their bodies. The female lays eggs and the male frog deposits his sperm on them. There are exceptions to the common form of reproduction however, as the West African genus Nimbaphrynoides and the Tanzanian genus Nectophrynoides both reproduce via internal fertilization, with the female delivering baby frogs.Full Answer >
There are approximately 244 bones in a cheetah's skeleton as it is considered a lesser cat and cats have approximately 244 bones. The cheetah is considered a lesser cat rather than a big cat, such as tigers or jaguars, because it does not have a floating Hyoid bone in its neck and it cannot roar.Full Answer >
Some examples of organisms within the domain eubacteria are algae, E. coli and salmonella. Also known as true bacteria, these are microscopic, prokaryotic, single-celled organisms without nuclei that produce their food by photosynthesis.Full Answer >