Q:

What is ATP synthase?

A:

ATP synthase is an enzyme that acts as a catalyst for the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). This occurs when adenosine diphosphate (ADP) is phosphorylated with inorganic phosphate by using some form of energy.

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Full Answer

ATP contains three phosphate rings, a ribose sugar and an adenine ring. Most living things use it as a major form of energy transfer in cells. ATP is also located in nucleic acid, where it is used in DNA transcription and replication. Different types of cells also use ATP for photosynthesis, beta oxidation, glycolysis and anaerobic respiration. It is continuously synthesized by ATP synthase and therefore has a high turnover rate in cells.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why is ATP so important?

    A:

    Adenosine triphosphate is the molecule that provides energy to cells for almost all processes that need energy. The energy is generated by removing phosphate groups from the molecule.

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  • Q:

    What is responsible for making ATP?

    A:

    Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is created in organisms through the processes of photosynthesis, glycolysis, cellular respiration and fermentation. Photosynthesis and fermentation are restricted to plants and fungi, respectively, but glycolysis and respiration occur in both plant and animal cells.

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  • Q:

    What is the major energy carrier molecule in most cells?

    A:

    The major energy carrier molecule in cells is adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Adenosine triphosphate is a nucleoside triphosphate that stores all of the energy inside of cells.

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  • Q:

    What would happen if a cell didn't have mitochondria?

    A:

    Cells that have no mitochondria are unable to convert oxygen into energy, found in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). All multicellular eukaryotic organisms, including plants and animals, have mitochondria in some cells, but prokaryotes and some single-cell eukaryotes do not have mitochondria.

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