Q:

What is ATP synthase?

A:

Quick Answer

ATP synthase is an enzyme that acts as a catalyst for the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). This occurs when adenosine diphosphate (ADP) is phosphorylated with inorganic phosphate by using some form of energy.

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Full Answer

ATP contains three phosphate rings, a ribose sugar and an adenine ring. Most living things use it as a major form of energy transfer in cells. ATP is also located in nucleic acid, where it is used in DNA transcription and replication. Different types of cells also use ATP for photosynthesis, beta oxidation, glycolysis and anaerobic respiration. It is continuously synthesized by ATP synthase and therefore has a high turnover rate in cells.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why is ATP so important?

    A:

    Adenosine triphosphate is the molecule that provides energy to cells for almost all processes that need energy. The energy is generated by removing phosphate groups from the molecule.

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  • Q:

    What is responsible for making ATP?

    A:

    Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is created in organisms through the processes of photosynthesis, glycolysis, cellular respiration and fermentation. Photosynthesis and fermentation are restricted to plants and fungi, respectively, but glycolysis and respiration occur in both plant and animal cells.

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  • Q:

    What is the chemical equation for cellular respiration?

    A:

    Cellular respiration is represented by the chemical formula C6H12 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy (as ATP). Written in word form, the formula is "glucose + oxygen = carbon dioxide + energy (as ATP)". "ATP" stands for "adenosine triphosphate," a nucleotide that stores and transmits energy.

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  • Q:

    Why is the mitochondria called the powerhouse of the cell?

    A:

    The mitochondria is called the powerhouse of the cell because it is responsible for producing most of the cell's energy, or adenosine tri-phosphate (ATP). Cells can produce two ATP by breaking down a glycogen molecule, but the mitochondria is able to produce up to 36 ATP in comparison.

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