The average kinetic energy of the particles of a substance is determined by the temperature of the medium, using the equation for an ideal gas. If the temperature is unknown, then the average speed and mass of the particles are utilized to determine the average kinetic energy.
Use the Maxwell-Boltzmann velocity distribution equation to calculate the average speed of the particles in a substance. Then, combine that information with the ideal gas law to calculate the average kinetic energy of a group of particles. However, there are certain assumptions, as all the energy is confined to translational motion. Internal energy, resulting from vibrational and rotational motion, is also discounted.Learn More
Electrical energy describes the energy that charged particles store inside an electric field. There are many different forms of energy and people use multiple forms each day.Full Answer >
Sound waves transfer energy by causing successive compressions and rarefactions in the particles of the medium without transporting the medium particles themselves. Sound in solids can also manifest as transverse waves, causing crests and troughs in the propagation medium.Full Answer >
Heat energy is determined by how active the atoms or molecules are in a substance. The atoms and molecules in a hot substance move rapidly and seem excited while the molecules and atoms in a cool substance show less movement.Full Answer >
Root mean square velocity is calculated using the Maxwell-Boltzmann velocity distribution equation, which describes the speed distribution of particles that behave like an ideal gas. It assists with solving mathematical problems related to the kinetic theory of gases.Full Answer >