The average temperature on Mercury is 332 degrees Fahrenheit. The hottest temperatures on the planet can reach 801 degrees Fahrenheit, and temperatures can drop to as low as -279 degrees Fahrenheit.Know More
Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, orbiting an average of 36 million miles from the star. This is partially the reason for extremely hot temperatures; however, Venus, the second-closest planet to the sun, actually has a higher overall temperatures, with an average of 864 degrees Fahrenheit. This is partly due to differences in atmosphere. The atmosphere surrounding Mercury is extremely thin, which makes the atmospheric pressure similar to a vacuum. As a result, the heat radiating from the sun disappears into space, as the thin atmosphere cannot hold the heat. Venus' atmosphere is extremely thick, which traps the heat closer to the planet.
Location and rotation are reasons for the extreme difference between Mercury's hot and cold sides. The planet rotates very slowly, completing a rotation once approximately every 60 Earth days. Mercury also has no tilt, so its different hemispheres do not experience a lot of weather changes, such as the planet Earth experiences when seasons change. Mercury has an extremely eccentric orbit, however, that results in some temperature variation during the course of its revolution around the sun.Learn more about Astronomy
Saturn's average temperature is minus 288 degrees Fahrenheit, or minus 178 degrees Celsius. While there is some temperature variation between the poles and the equator, Saturn's temperature is fairly consistent since much of its heat comes from the planet's interior rather than the sun.Full Answer >
Africa is a huge continent and encompasses many different climates, but the average temperature of the Sahara Desert region is about 86 degrees Fahrenheit. The Sahara Desert and other dry lands make up 60 percent of Africa.Full Answer >
The average temperature of a freshwater biome, also known as a biotope, depends on the environment that is emulated in the biome. For instance, according to Aquatic Community, freshwater Amazonian biotopes on average reach temperatures of 74-78 degrees Fahrenheit.Full Answer >
The average temperature in Jamaica varies between 77 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit in the lowlands and 59 to 71 degrees Fahrenheit in areas with higher elevations.Full Answer >