In chemistry, back titration is a technique used to determine the strength of an analyte through the addition of a known molar concentration of excess reagent. Back titration is also referred to as indirect titration.
Titration is an analytical method involving two solutions or reactants: an analyte and a titrant. An analyte is of unknown concentration, while the titrant, also called the standard solution, is of known quantity. During titration, a buret is typically used to carefully add the titrant to the analyte until a neutral state is achieved. Titration determines an analyte's strength in terms of molarity, normality, molality, alkalinity, acidity or precipitatability. Some of the common types of titration methods include acid-base titration, precipitation titration, reduction-oxidation titration, complexometric titration and back titration.
A back titration is conducted when one of the solutions is highly volatile such as ammonia; a base or an acid is an insoluble salt such as calcium carbonate; a reaction is particularly slow or a direct titration entails a weak base and weak acid titration, the result of which is hard to ascertain. A back titration is normally done using a two-step procedure. The analyte, which is the volatile substance, is first allowed to react with the excess reagent. A titration is then performed on the remaining amount of the known solution to determine how much is in excess and to measure the quantity consumed by the analyte.Learn More
The real life uses of titration include determining the stage of maturation of cheese and wines, and designing new medicines. Titration has been used since the late 18th century.Full Answer >
Perform an acid-base titration in the lab by setting up a burette, dissolving the material for analysis in water in a flask, adding an indicator, recording an initial reading of the burette, adding titrant until the color changes and taking the final reading. The experiment usually takes less than an hour.Full Answer >
In chemistry, "GLC" stands for gas-liquid chromatography. Gas-liquid chromatography is a technique used in analytical chemistry for analyzing and separating compounds that can undergo vaporization without decomposition. A typical application of GLC is in testing for purity of substances.Full Answer >
Some important apparatus found in a chemistry laboratory are beakers, Bunsen burners, Erlenmeyer flasks, test tubes, funnels, thermometers, clamps and water bottles. These items can be essential for performing many chemistry experiments and are often found in chemistry classes.Full Answer >