Q:

Does baking soda soften water?

A:

Baking soda does not chemically soften water, but it makes the water slicker and feel softer to the skin. Baking soda is also known as sodium bicarbonate. Washing soda, sodium carbonate, chemically softens water.

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Hard water contains calcium and magnesium ions. The carbonate ions from washing soda produce a chemical reaction and remove the calcium and magnesium from the water. Water can also be commercially softened through ion exchange systems. Because soap in hard water does not lather easily, hard water creates build up in pipes and soap scum rings in bathtubs. Clothing washed in hard water wears out more quickly.

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    Is baking soda the same as bicarbonate of soda?

    A:

    Baking soda is the same as bicarbonate of soda. It is a leavening agent that creates air bubbles in batter for baked goods. These bubbles expand when cooked, causing the end product to rise.

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    Why do baking soda and vinegar react when combined?

    A:

    When combined, baking soda and vinegar release a fizzy foam, caused by the release of carbon dioxide when the two chemicals react. Baking soda, which is chemically known as sodium bicarbonate, is a basic substance, while vinegar, also known as acetic acid, is acidic. Combining the two results in a double displacement reaction in which the biproducts are water, carbon dioxide and aqueous sodium bicarbonate.

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    How do you use baking soda to neutralize HCl?

    A:

    In the event of a hydrochloric acid spill, baking soda is poured on the acid to prevent damage to surfaces. Baking soda is a weak base; when added to hydrochloric acid, it causes a neutralization reaction so the hydrochloric acid no longer causes damage to other materials. In the event baking soda is not available, the spill is diluted with copious amounts of water.

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    What happens when you mix vinegar and baking soda?

    A:

    According to Steve Spangler Science, mixing vinegar and baking soda starts a chemical reaction that produces carbon dioxide, or CO2, and water. The chemical names of the two ingredients are acetic acid, which is the vinegar, and sodium bicarbonate, which is the baking soda.

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