According to Anne Helmenstine, Ph.D of About: Chemistry, bases are the chemical opposite of acids. Bases react with acids to form salts and water.
Bases are substances that act as the opposite of acids; if acids are proton donors, bases are proton acceptors; if acids are electron pair acceptors, then bases are electron pair donors, etcetera. A reaction between a base and an acid is called neutralization, in which two liquid solutions (one base and one acid) combine and react to create a solution of salt and water.
Properties of bases include:
Common bases include detergents, soap, lye and household ammonia.Learn More
Common weak acids include formic, acetic, hydrofluoric, hydrocyanic, citric and trichloroacetic acids. Some weak bases include ammonia, trimethyl ammonia, pyridine, sodium bicarbonate and ammonium hydroxide. Weak acids and bases do not completely dissociate, or ionize, in water. Calculating the pH of weak acids and bases is more complicated than that of stronger varieties because of this lack of dissociation.Full Answer >
Acetone (C3H6O) has a pH of 7, which means that the substance, on its own, is neither an acid nor a base. This pH value, which is about the same as pure water, shows that acetone is relatively neutral. The organic compound is also known by the IUPAC name of propanone.Full Answer >
Methanol, or methyl alcohol, has a density of 0.79 grams per milliliter at 25 degrees Celsius. Methanol is less dense than water, which has a density of 1.00 grams per milliliter.Full Answer >
Under aerobic conditions, glycolysis produces pyruvic acid and then converts to acetyl coenzyme A to enter the citric acid cycle. Acetyl coenzyme A links glycolysis and the citric acid cycle together.Full Answer >