According to McGraw-Hill Higher Education, the basics of Infrared (IR) spectroscopy correspond to interaction between radiation from the IR region within the EM spectrum. Within the molecule, excitation of the vibrations of polar covalent bonds, including bending and stretching modes, are caused by IR radiation.
As the IR region of the EM spectrum is scanned, the energy absorptions, such as the IR spectrum of butanal, are shown. Generally, an IR spectrum is divided into two approximate regions: the fingerprint region and the functional group region, which supplies most of the information needed to interpret an IR spectrum. The most important information regarding an IR spectrum is what function groups exist within the molecule.Learn More
Particle radiation is composed of particles, but electromagnetic radiation is composed only of pure energy and takes the form of waves or pulses. Atoms undergo the process of radioactive decay to increase their stability, and for this purpose, they release either alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, neutrons or x-rays.Full Answer >
Atoms emit alpha particles during alpha radiation. An imbalance between the number of protons and neutrons inside an atom's nucleus results in the emission of alpha particles.Full Answer >
Enzymes are proteins that consist of chains of amino acids connected together by peptide bonds. An enzyme molecule may have one or more of these polypeptide chains.Full Answer >
Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter. When two or more atoms join together, they form molecules. An example would be two hydrogen atoms and an oxygen atom joining to form a water molecule.Full Answer >