A biological key, also known as an identification key or a dichotomous key, is a way to classify organisms by giving the classifier two options in each stage until identification occurs. For example, in order to identify the tree, a biological key gives two choices – conifer or broadleaf – with a description of each one. Depending on the answer, another question pops up to narrow down the species.Know More
The biological key works by reducing the number of possible identities for a species until the right one is reached by using questions with only two answers, according to Dictionary.com. In order for them to be successful, biological keys must have sound designs. A key needs to be diagnostic, which means that it needs to focus on the characteristics unique to a particular group. A key also needs to be differential, separating a group based on differences. A key needs to be redundant; certain characteristics should be revisited to improve reliability.
Terminology is an important aspect of a biological key. The wording needs to be uniform and consistent throughout the key, and the two possible answers need to parallel each other as much as possible. If a color and blossom size for a flower in one option is given, then the other option also needs to include a color and blossom size.Learn More
Biological evidence in forensic science includes organic materials, such as blood, semen, hair, saliva and skin tissue. Forensic scientists use fingernail scrapings and bone to identify victims and criminals. Biological evidence is extremely important in cases of sexual assault and violent crimes.Full Answer >
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, biological determinism, which is also known as biologism or biodeterminism, is the concept that the majority of human physical and mental characteristics are determined at conception by hereditary factors. These factors are passed from parent to child.Full Answer >
The biological spectrum consists of all living organisms divided into three domains, coexisting across various levels of biological organization. Microbiologist Carl Woese organized all known organisms into a phylogenetic tree of life based on RNA and common ancestor comparisons. The three domains are bacteria, archaea and eukaryota, which are further subdivided into kingdoms. All three domains exist on various levels of biological organization, from a cellular level to its biosphere.Full Answer >
Biological weathering is the effect that living organisms, such as plants and animals, have on rocks and other inanimate objects. This phenomena happens due to the molecular breakdown of minerals in the rock. When biological weathering occurs, the living organism breaks down the rock or other nonliving object through either mechanical or chemical erosion or the use of both.Full Answer >