The biopsychosocial model is an interdisciplinary model that assumes health and wellness are affected by a number of psychological, biological and sociocultural factors. The BPS model was first published in the journal Science in 1977 by psychiatrist George L. Engel. In light of his model, there was a dramatic shift in focus from disease to health and in considering how psychosocial factors affect illness and disease.
The earliest theories of pain focused mainly on the biological and pathophysical component of pain. The BPS model is still a r method used by psychiatrists. Biological factors include the physical or mental health of an individual. The emphasis on social factors recognizes social context and influence. Factors such as depression, anxiety, hostility and illness affect behavior and the ways in which individuals perceive, experience, evaluate and respond to their health can affect the progression and outcome of an illness.
For those who subscribe to the BPS model, it has become very important to consider an individual's daily life, performance of social roles, productivity, intellectual capacity, emotional stability and psychological well-being when diagnosing or treating an illness or disease. Many institutions and medical doctors have taken a holistic view on health with sound medical application based on the BPS model. The state of being in good health on the BPS model is accompanied by good quality of life and strong relationships.Learn More
Urine odor is related to the level of concentration of waste products contained in the urine. Highly concentrated urine may have strong odors, especially of ammonia, according to Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >
The three subphylums in Chordata are Vertebrata, Urochordata and Cephalochordata. Vertebrata is the largest group, including such familiar animals as fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals. Urochordata contains about 4,600 to 5,100 species total, and Cephalochordata contains only 28.Full Answer >
The ninhydrin test is a colorimetric test for amines, particularly alpha-amino acids, carboxylic acids and free amino acids on simple or complex proteins. It uses the crystalline compound ninhydrin, which has the chemical name triketohydrindene hydrate, or 1,2,3-indantrione monohydrate.Full Answer >
Chlorophyll’s function in plants is to absorb light and transfer it through the plant during photosynthesis. The chlorophyll in a plant is found on the thylakoids in the chloroplasts.Full Answer >