Biotechnology is a branch of science that seeks to improve human life by utilizing and improving upon biological processes and interactions to create new technology and products. Biotechnology has been used by humans for thousands of years in a variety of ways.Know More
Some of the earliest human uses of biotechnology were the domestication of animals and cultivation of crops for consumption. Other early uses of biotechnology were in specialized breeding programs of food staples by farmers that resulted in crops with high yields that could sustain the larger populations necessary for human society to thrive after the Neolithic Revolution. Biotechnology relating to food and drink also includes leavening yeast for bread and fermentation practices for beer and wine.
In 1928, Alexander Fleming accidentally discovered the mold culture that would eventually became the basis for the antibiotic penicillin. This organism's contribution to human health through its application in the treatment of infections is an example of biotechnology in action. Penicillin and its subsequent drug classes have been in use since 1940.
Modern biotechnology seeks to affect various aspects of human life by creating new types of fuel, improving agricultural practices, and fighting infectious disease. As a result, biotechnology is closely related to the fields of biomedical engineering and bioengineering.Learn more about Biology
Some examples of biotechnology include human gene therapy, genetically modifying plants and changing the genes of bacteria. Biotechnology helps improve crops so they produce more, healthier produce. It also helps fight human diseases.Full Answer >
Although fluid is sometimes used as an alternative word for liquid, air is treated as a fluid in the field of fluid mechanics. Objects moving through air encounter forces and experience conditions similar to objects traveling through liquids.Full Answer >
A light microscope is a popular tool often used in biology to detect small objects through its technology, which employs visible light. People commonly use these types of microscopes to look at bacteria, which can be visible at 100x magnification. However, not all light microscopes, specifically bright field microscopes, are capable of seeing these small cells.Full Answer >
According to Purdue University, nucleotides are used to construct nucleic acids, including DNA, tRNA, rRNA and mRNA. Nucleic acids are long polymers of nucleotides that store and transfer information and regulate processes within the cells of all life forms on Earth.Full Answer >