Q:

What is the Bohr model for potassium?

A:

Quick Answer

The Bohr model for potassium contains 5 concentric circles with the element's number of protons and neutrons written in the center. Each circle after that represents an energy level, with dots indicating electrons. There are two electrons in the first energy level, eight electrons in the second and third, and one in the fourth.

  Know More

Full Answer

Potassium is an alkali metal with the chemical symbol K. It has an atomic number of 19, meaning that it has 19 positively charged protons. It also contains 19 electrons, which have a negative charge, and 20 neutrons, which do not hold a charge. Its atomic mass is 39.0983 atomic mass units, and it has a cubic crystal structure.

The Bohr model of atoms was created by scientist Neils Bohr in 1913. Bohr based his model on the earlier Rutherford model, making improvements and fixing incorrect assumptions. The Bohr model explains how an atom of an element can have stable electrons around its nucleus. Bohr discovered that electrons move in orbits with fixed sizes and energies, and he found that electrons can jump from one orbit to another by absorbing or emitting energy. The Bohr model shows the energy levels of each element and the electrons they contain.

Learn more about Acids & Bases

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the Bohr model for silver?

    A:

    The Bohr model for silver explains the number of electrons, protons and neutrons that are present in the atom, and it diagrams the placement of the electrons within silver’s five energy levels. Silver’s Bohr model indicates that there are 47 protons and 61 neutrons in its nucleus, according to Pennsylvania County Schools. Its 47 electrons are broken up into five energy levels.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the Bohr model of nitrogen?

    A:

    The Bohr model for nitrogen has a central nucleus with seven neutrons and seven protons, a first energy ring with two electrons and a second energy ring with five electrons. A more detailed version shows two electrons in the s sub-shell of the second energy ring and three electrons in the p sub-shell. The Bohr model is used to demonstrate how the electrons line up around the nucleus of an atom.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do I make a Bohr model of the boron atom?

    A:

    The Bohr model of the boron atom has a nucleus in the center and two energy levels, also known as shells, or orbitals, around the outside. Two electrons orbit the first energy levels and three orbit the second. Five protons and six neutrons occupy the nucleus.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do I describe the Bohr model of the hydrogen atom?

    A:

    The Bohr model of the hydrogen atom consists of a heavy proton orbited by an electron. It's best described as like a planet orbiting a star. Instead of gravity providing the attractive force to the system, the electron is attracted to the proton via electrostatic forces.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore