The building blocks of carbohydrates are sugars, starches and fiber, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sugars are simple carbohydrates found naturally in vegetables, fruits and milk or added to processed foods. Fiber and starch are complex carbohydrates found in vegetables, legumes and whole grains.
Simple carbohydrates are classified as monosaccharides or disaccharides, consisting of one or two linked sugars respectively, according to the Harvard School of Public Health Nutrition Source. These simple sugars have chemical structures the body can easily break down and digest to produce glucose, making them the fastest energy source. A nutrient-rich diet should include more natural sugars while avoiding added sugars, such as corn syrup and fruit juice concentrate.
Oligosaccharides and polysaccharides are complex carbohydrates, which contain at least three monosaccharides, the Nutrition Source states. These complex molecules take longer to digest because they have more chemical bonds to break down. During digestion, starch is broken down to its most basic components, giving the body another source of glucose, according to the CDC.
Fiber is an essential nutrient most often found in fibrous vegetables and grainy foods, such as potatoes, oatmeal and whole wheat bread, but the body does not digest it. Whole grains are a nutrient-rich source of fiber because they contain all three parts of the original grain: bran, germ and endosperm, the CDC states. Refined grains, such as white bread, lose a large portion of dietary nutrients, but food manufacturers can enrich these foods by adding nutrients after processing.Learn More
Ethane is a molecule made up of two carbon atoms joined in a single bond. Each carbon atom is bonded to three hydrogen atoms. Ethene is made of two carbon atoms joined in a double bond. Each carbon atom is joined to two hydrogen atoms. Ethyne is made of two carbon atoms joined in a triple bond. Each carbon atom is joined in a single bond to a hydrogen atom.Full Answer >
Water is not an organic compound. An organic compound must contain one or more carbon atoms covalently bonded to atoms of other elements, such as hydrogen, oxygen, or nitrogen. Water only contains hydrogen and oxygen.Full Answer >
The molecular formula for calcium chloride is CaCl2. It is a salt that is a chemical compound of the elements calcium and chlorine. At room temperature, CACl2 is a white-colored solid. It has an extremely high boiling point of 1,935 degrees Celsius.Full Answer >
Diazotization reactions are important intermediate steps in the preparation of organic halides. They are also done in the Sandmeyer and Schiemann reactions, used in the preparation of organic amino groups.Full Answer >