The building blocks of fat molecules are glycerol and fatty acids. Fat is simply fatty acids attached to glycerol. Fatty acids are carboxylic acids that are either saturated or unsaturated. Glycerol is a clear liquid that tastes sweet, explains Encyclopedia Britannica.
A fat molecule consists of one molecule of glycerol and three molecules of fatty acids. The glycerol serves as the fat molecule's backbone. Depending on the number of fatty acid chains present, fat molecules are characterized as triglycerides, diglycerides or monoglycerides, exlpains Chemistry Explained. Triglyceride fat molecules have three fatty acid chains, diglycerides have two, and monoglycerides have one.Learn More
The saponification of ester is the process of producing glycerol and soap. Saponification involves a reaction of a base, normally sodium hydroxide, with an ester group on a compound. Triglyxcerides, which are an ester of a fatty acid, hydrolyze to form the sodium salt of a caboxylate. As well as soap, such saponifiation processes can also produce glycerol.Full Answer >
Fat is broken down into glycerol and fatty acids. Fat breakdown is called lipolysis and is performed by proteins called lipases. Once the fat is broken down, the human body can either utilize it directly for energy or use it to synthesize glucose.Full Answer >
Vegetable glycerin, also known as glycerol, is a plant-based oil produced from soybeans, palm kernels and coconuts, according to Global Healing Center. PubChem explains that cottonseed and olive oil also yield glycerol. These aforementioned vegetable oils yield more glycerol than animal fats found in lard and tallow. Glycerol is found naturally in all animal and vegetable cells as lipids.Full Answer >
The chemical formula for glycerol is C3H8O3. Glycerol, also referred to as glycerin, glycyl alcohol or 1,2,3-propanetriol, features three hydroxyl groups in its structure, each one of these groups being attached to one of the three carbon atoms.Full Answer >