Dehydration synthesis is the formation of a new compound by the removal of oxygen and hydrogen from reactants, while hydrolysis is the breakdown of a compound through a chemical reaction with water. These opposite processes are very common in nature and in life. One common non-biological form of hydrolysis is the dissolution of salt in water, a process which breaks apart the ionic bonds between the sodium and chloride ions.Know More
Hydrogen and oxygen are a part of a vast number of biological and non-biological compounds, and water can easily react with other compounds in the right circumstances to form them. One way this happens is in acid-based reactions. The pH of water falls exactly in the middle of the acid-base scale, and it can act as either an acid, proton donator, or base, a proton acceptor. In the presence of acetic acid, also known as vitamin C, it accepts a proton, or hydrogen nucleus, to become the positive hydronium ion. This is an example of acid hydrolysis. If another base is present, it will often donate the proton to the base in turn.
The opposite happens with the weak base, ammonia. In water, ammonia accepts a hydrogen ion to become ammonium, leaving a hydroxide ion as the other chemical product.Learn more about Cells
Chemical equations are illustrations of the reactants and products in a chemical reaction. Chemical equations are expressed as A + B -> C, where A and B are the reactants, and C is the product.Full Answer >
In a chemical reaction, the reactants are the elements present when the reaction begins, and the products are the elements and compounds produced as a result of the reaction. In a chemical formula, the reactants are on the left side of the arrow, and the products are on the right.Full Answer >
The law of conservation of mass states that the mass of the reactants and the mass of products in a chemical reaction are equal. This refers to matter not being destroyed or created.Full Answer >
Stoichiometry is a branch of chemistry that deals with the relationship between reactants and products involved in a chemical reaction. In other words, it deals with calculations of masses or volumes of relative quantities of elements involved in a chemical reaction.Full Answer >