Q:

How can pH be calculated from molarity?

A:

Quick Answer

To calculate pH from molarity, take the negative logarithm of the molarity of the aqueous solution similar to the following equation: pH = -log(molarity). pH is the measure of how acidic or basic a substance is, which refers to the concentration of hydrogen atoms that are present. Molarity is the concentration of a particular aqueous solution in moles, also known as Avogadro's number, per liter.

Know More

Full Answer

An individual who already has the molarity of an aqueous solution can simply use a calculator with the molarity to determine what the pH of the solution. pH ranges from 0 to 14. A neutral pH, which is the pH of water, is 7.0 while a pH less than 7.0 is considered to be acidic. A pH above 7.0 is considered to be basic. Any solution that has a very acidic or basic pH is considered to be reactive, and will easily react with other molecules and elements found in various solution to produce different compounds.

The pH and pOH of an aqueous solution should equal to 14. This is to maintain the equilibrium of the ionization reactions that happen in the solution. In short, if the pH or the pOH of a solution is known, the other can be easily deduced through simple math.

Learn more about Acids & Bases

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is pH balance?

    A:

    Potential hydrogen, or pH, is the measure of the acidity or alkalinity of an aqueous solution. A solution is acidic if its pH is less than 7. If its pH is greater than 7, the solution is basic or alkaline.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a buffer region?

    A:

    A buffer zone in chemistry is a region where the pH of a solution remains constant. In an acid-base titration of a weak acid with a strong base, the pH of the solution increases, levels off through the buffer zone and then increases quickly to reach the equivalence point.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where is sulfuric acid on the pH scale?

    A:

    Sulfuric acid has a pH of 0.3 at a normality of 1 N, a pH of 1.2 at 0.1 N and a pH of 2.1 at 0.01 N. When using molar concentration, sulfuric acid has a pH of 2.75 at 1 millimole per liter, a pH of 1.87 at 10 millimoles per liter and a pH of 1.01 at 100 millimoles per liter.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why do chemists use methyl orange in a titration?

    A:

    Methyl orange is frequently used as an indicator in acid titrations because it very clearly changes from red at a pH of 3.1 to orange at a pH of 4.4. Because the change in color takes place around the pH of most acids, methyl orange is commonly used for strong acid titrations and not for base titrations.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore