Q:

Where can I find a picture of the Bohr-Rutherford diagram of the hydrogen atom?

A:

The Bohr-Rutherford model of a hydrogen atom is a diagram showing one electron orbiting a hydrogen nucleus, which has one proton and zero neutrons. Many sites have such a diagram, but Wikipedia provides the diagram as well as a discussion describing this model's development.

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The key characteristics of the Bohr-Rutherford model are that only certain orbits (called "stable orbits") are assumed by electrons. Each orbit (E1, E2, etc.) has an energy level associated with it; light is emitted when going to a higher orbit (further from the nucleus) and absorbed when retreating (closer to the nucleus). Further, the total energy emitted and absorbed can be calculated using Planck's constant.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How do you draw a Bohr model?

    A:

    To draw a Bohr model of an atom, first find the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in the atom from its atomic weight and atomic number. After that, place the neutrons and the protons in the nucleus, and draw the electrons in their designated shells.

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  • Q:

    What is a Bohr diagram for the stable ion?

    A:

    Encyclopedia Britannica explains that a Bohr diagram for the stable ion is a diagram in which the nucleus is placed at the center and electrons orbit the nucleus according to discrete energy quanta. The stability problem for atomic diagrams was solved by Bohr by having electrons orbit in quantized shells.

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  • Q:

    Where can you find hydrogen?

    A:

    Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe and can be found in a wide variety of organic and inorganic compounds, including water and sugars, and in the mass of stars. Hydrogen is the most basic element in the periodic table and contains one proton and one electron.

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  • Q:

    How do you find valence electrons?

    A:

    To find the valence electrons in an atom, identify what group the element is in. An element in group 1A has 1 valence electron. For example, Li is in group 1A, so that means it has one valence electron. If the element is in group 2A, then it has two valence electrons.

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