Q:

How can soil pollution be controlled?

A:

Soil pollution can be controlled by limiting the use of chemical fertilizers and by substituting them with bio-fertilizers and manures. Reducing the use of pesticides and applying biological methods also reduces soil pollution.

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Other methods to control soil pollution include recycling plastics, paper and other materials; reusing materials; promoting forestation and preventing deforestation; disposing wastes properly; and promoting pollution awareness programs.

Soil pollution is referred to as the contamination of soil caused by the presence man-made chemicals such as pesticides and insecticides. These chemicals tend to reduce the quality of soil making it less fertile or barren. Soil pollution is also caused by the alteration of natural environment. These causes arise from improper disposal of waste, agricultural chemicals and industrial activity.

Other causes of soil pollution include unfavorable irrigation practices; sanitary waste leakage; automobile fuel leakages; improper management and maintenance of septic systems; improper disposal of nuclear waste; poor waste management methods; and toxic fumes from industries that cause acid rains.

If soil pollution is not controlled, it can have adverse effects on the ecological balance and health of living organisms. These effects include increased soil erosion; creation of toxic dust; loss of nutrients in soil; reduced soil fertility; alteration in soil structure; and increase in soil salinity.

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Related Questions

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    What is environmental pollution?

    A:

    Environmental pollution is the undesired spread of toxic chemicals into the aquatic and terrestrial habitats of the world. There are many different types of pollution, usually named for the location that has become polluted. For example, if oil is dumped into a local creek, it is said to be an example of water pollution.

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  • Q:

    What is atmospheric pollution?

    A:

    Atmospheric pollution, or air pollution, is the introduction of harmful particulates, biological molecules or chemical molecules into the Earth’s atmosphere. Air pollution can lead to disease and death in humans. It can also damage other living organisms such as plants and animals by affecting the air quality and oxygen content of the air.

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    How is air pollution prevented?

    A:

    Air pollution levels may be reduced at home and the office by conserving energy, planting deciduous trees, recycling paper and plastics and keeping automobiles maintained. Air pollution stems from many sources, which makes it difficult to prevent it from entering into the atmosphere altogether.

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  • Q:

    Why is noise pollution dangerous?

    A:

    Noise pollution has many adverse affects on humans, including stress-related illnesses, hearing loss, sleep disruption, speech interference and loss of productivity, according to eSchoolToday. Perhaps the most acute problem associated with noise pollution is the hearing loss it can cause after long-term exposure. Affecting the eardrums, noise pollution can cause permanent damage when present for a prolonged period of time.

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