Q:

Where are carbohydrates found in the body?

A:

Quick Answer

According to the European Food Information Council, the human body stores carbohydrates in the muscles and liver. It intakes carbohydrates in the form of glucose, which is converted to glycogen and stored in these body parts.

Know More
Where are carbohydrates found in the body?
Credit: Nils Hendrik Mueller Cultura Getty Images

Full Answer

The red blood cells and the brain need glucose as a source of energy, as they cannot use protein, fat and other forms of energy for this purpose, explains the EUFIC. Thus, it is important to maintain the glucose in the blood at a constantly optimum level.

The major energy-providing sources of carbohydrates are starches and sugars. The small intestine absorbs monosaccharides into the bloodstream and transports them to the areas where they are needed. Digestive enzymes break down disaccharides into monosaccharides and also break down the long chains of starches into their constituent sugars, which become absorbed into the bloodstream.

Iowa State University explains that the body stores glucose in the liver and skeletal muscles in the form of glycogen when it does not need glucose for energy. Glucose is stored as fat once the glycogen stores are full. The body uses these glycogen stores as an energy source when it needs more glucose than is available in the bloodstream. All living cells in the body contain glucose, which enters the cells through the hormone insulin.

Learn more about Human Anatomy

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What can a protruding belly button mean?

    A:

    A protruding belly button most likely indicates a condition called an umbilical hernia, wherein the belly button pops outward because of a weakness in the muscles in or around the belly button, explains the International Health Insurance Bupa. Umbilical hernias happen to people of all ages, typically occurring in overweight people and in women during and after pregnancy.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the function of the lacrimal caruncle?

    A:

    The lacrimal caruncle covers and protects the various glands to the side of the eye, and is connected to some of the muscles of the lower eyelid. The lacrimal caruncle is a small piece of skin located at the inside corner of each eye.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do muscles and bones work together?

    A:

    Muscles and bones work together in tandem meaning that the muscles attach to tendons and ligaments and the tendons and ligaments attach to bones. The muscles pull the bones, causing movement. The movements that the muscles make are ultimately controlled by the brain and nervous system.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the roles of joints, bones and muscles?

    A:

    Bones, muscles and joints play an important role in the human body. They, along with tendons, ligaments and cartilage, form the musculoskeletal system and enable us to perform physical activity. The musculoskeletal system protects and supports internal organs, allows movement, gives the body its shape, produces blood cells, stores calcium and phosphorus, and produces heat.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore