Q:

Where are carbohydrates found in the body?

A:

According to the European Food Information Council, the human body stores carbohydrates in the muscles and liver. It intakes carbohydrates in the form of glucose, which is converted to glycogen and stored in these body parts.

The red blood cells and the brain need glucose as a source of energy, as they cannot use protein, fat and other forms of energy for this purpose, explains the EUFIC. Thus, it is important to maintain the glucose in the blood at a constantly optimum level.

The major energy-providing sources of carbohydrates are starches and sugars. The small intestine absorbs monosaccharides into the bloodstream and transports them to the areas where they are needed. Digestive enzymes break down disaccharides into monosaccharides and also break down the long chains of starches into their constituent sugars, which become absorbed into the bloodstream.

Iowa State University explains that the body stores glucose in the liver and skeletal muscles in the form of glycogen when it does not need glucose for energy. Glucose is stored as fat once the glycogen stores are full. The body uses these glycogen stores as an energy source when it needs more glucose than is available in the bloodstream. All living cells in the body contain glucose, which enters the cells through the hormone insulin.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    Where is nervous tissue found?

    A:

    Nervous tissue is found in peripheral nerves throughout the body and in the organs of the central nervous system, the brain and spinal cord. Nerve tissue is composed of neurons, which are specialized cells able to react to stimuli by sending a signal down a long strand of cell known as an axon. Nervous tissue is responsible for receiving information from the senses, processing it and sending out instructions.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    In what form are carbohydrates stored in the liver and muscles?

    A:

    Carbohydrates are stored in the muscles and liver in the form of glycogen, according to Iowa State University's sports nutrition program. Once the glycogen stores in the muscles and liver are full, carbohydrates are then stored as fat.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do muscles and bones work together?

    A:

    Muscles and bones work together in tandem meaning that the muscles attach to tendons and ligaments and the tendons and ligaments attach to bones. The muscles pull the bones, causing movement. The movements that the muscles make are ultimately controlled by the brain and nervous system.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How many muscles are there in a human body?

    A:

    According to the Library of Congress, the human body has at least 650 skeletal muscles and as many as 840 depending on what counts as a muscle. Some sources count complex muscles as a single muscle, while others count complex muscles' individual parts as separate muscles, which leads to dissent.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore