Carbon atoms are the building blocks for carbon, which is the sixth most abundant element found in the universe. A carbon atom has six electrons, four of which are in the outer shell of the atom, its valence shell.Know More
Carbon atoms have six protons in the nucleus and six electrons orbiting around the nucleus. When neutrons are added to a carbon atom, it results in the creation of a carbon isotope. For instance, a carbon atom with only six neutrons is called Carbon-12, whereas an atom with eight neutrons is called Carbon-14. The number at the end of each isotope name represents the atomic mass number found in the periodic table. Although each isotope has varying numbers of neutrons, there is no difference to the chemical reactions of the carbon atom.
Carbon compounds come in the form of diamonds, graphite, charcoal, carbon black and fullerene. Carbon also provides the framework for all tissues of plants and animals and is an important component in proteins such as hair, meat and silk. Carbon compounds containing boron and silicon are among the hardest substances known. On a standardized scale of hardness called the Mohs scale, where diamond is 10, silicon carbide (Carborundum) is 9.15 and boron carbide is 9.32.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
Ionic compounds are formed when electrons are transferred from one atom to another, while covalent compounds are formed when both atoms share their electrons, resulting in no loss or gain of electrons for either atom, according to HyperPhysics. The atoms of covalent bonds are bound more tightly and form more stable molecules when compared to the atoms of ionic bonds, which show attraction to other nearby atoms.Full Answer >
In chemistry, the term "neutral charge" is used to refer to an atom or collection of atoms that contains neither a positive nor negative charge. To have a neutral charge, the atom must have an equal number of protons and electrons.Full Answer >
According to the University of Bristol School of Chemistry, carbon atoms form many different types of compounds because each atom can form strong bonds with up to four other atoms. This allows the element to create a diverse array of molecules. This structural feature of carbon imparts several common characteristics on molecules composed of it.Full Answer >
Silicon is the seventh most abundant element in the universe and is classified as a metalloid. Its atomic symbol is Si, and its atomic number is 14. Silicon is a solid at room temperature.Full Answer >