Carbon film fossils are formed through a process known as carbonization; this process preserves a living thing, typically a leaf, feather, crustacean or fish, as a thin layer of carbon. These fossils are typically made through compression and are generally flat, with a thin layer of carbon showing the fossil's outline (hence the name carbon film).Know More
While compression, or strong downward pressure, is typically responsible for carbon film fossils, this does not tell the whole story of how these lasting impressions are made. In addition to the compression aspect of the formation process, the future fossil's organic material slowly decomposes and changes over time, with processes like polymerization of lipids (fats) and volatilization of basic elements such as hydrogen and nitrogen taking place. Eventually, the bulk of the organic material that was originally part of the leaf, feather or animal dissolves, leaving only a thin, black layer of carbon behind.
Carbonization doesn't have to refer to fossils that were preserved under this exact process. Some paleontologists may refer to any dark, flat fossil as a carbonization, though it may not exactly be a proper example of carbon film. True carbon film fossils earn that name by being composed primarily of carbon, a highly abundant mineral that causes the dark color of these fossils.Learn more about Biology
According to the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, fossils form when the remains of plants or animals become encased in sediment. Over time, the organic material dissolves away, replaced by a mineral replica of the original remains.Full Answer >
When no oxygen is present for aerobic respiration, a cell will undergo a process known as anaerobic respiration. Anaerobic respiration produces about 15 times less the amount of energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate, or ATP, than aerobic respiration. The general equation for anaerobic respiration is glucose = lactic acid + released energy.Full Answer >
Mitochondria are said to arise from proteobacteria through the process known as endosymbiosis, which was first postulated in the 1960s by the biologist Lynn Margulis. Endosymbiosis is the condition wherein one organism resides within another organism for the mutual benefit of both organisms.Full Answer >
The basic morphology of a fungi takes place in two different methods: the release of spores, and by individual cells that multiply by a process known as budding, or fission.Full Answer >