Carbon was first discovered in pre-historic times as charcoal. It wasn't until the second half of the 18th century that it was recognized as an element.Know More
Carbon, from the Latin word "carbo," meaning charcoal, is found in abundance in nature. In combination, it is found in carbon dioxide, the byproduct of human respiration, and it plays an important part in photosynthesis.
Most fossil fuels are hydrocarbons and diamonds are pure carbon formed by intense heat and immense pressure. They are formed deep inside the Earth´s crust and can be mined as magma brings them towards the surface when it rises away from the core.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
Titanium was discovered by Reverend William Gregor in 1791. The element is the ninth most abundant in the Earth's crust. Titanium is a light but strong metal.Full Answer >
Henry Cavendish is credited with discovering hydrogen in 1766 in London, though alchemist Paracelsus in the 1500s and Robert Boyle in 1671 did preliminary work on the subject. However, Cavendish identified hydrogen gas as a discrete substance. In 1783 Antoine Lavoisier provided the name hydrogen, Greek for water former.Full Answer >
Sodium was first isolated in 1807 by Humphrey Davy, one of the early luminaries of modern chemistry. The element was found, along with potassium, when Davy electrolyzed damp potash with soda. Prior to his discovery, these compounds were thought to be elements themselves, as they resisted decomposition.Full Answer >
The first discoverer of antimony is unknown. It was first recognized in ancient times but was not scientifically studied until the French chemist Nicolas Lémery published his findings in 1707. Lémery is therefore associated with the earliest antimony research.Full Answer >