Combining hydrogen and carbon produces a group of organic compounds called hydrocarbons. Depending on the specific molecular formula, there can be many different types of hydrocarbons, such as the fuels propane and octane. The simplest hydrocarbon is methane, which has the chemical formula CH4.Know More
The four classes of hydrocarbons are alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and aromatics. Alkanes are made up of single-bonded hydrogen and carbon atoms. These organic compounds usually have molecular formulas given by CnH2n+2, where n is given as an integer. Alkenes have a carbon-to-carbon double bond while alkynes exhibit triple bonds. Aromatic hydrocarbons include compounds that contain a benzene ring.
In nature, hydrocarbons are present in plants, natural rubber and in fossil fuels. Natural rubber consists of molecules that have chained units bonded together to form a polymer.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
The main difference between carbon-12 and carbon-14 is the number of neutrons present in each compound. Carbon-12 has six neutrons, while carbon-14 has eight neutrons, explains About.com. The differing number of neutrons is responsible for numerous differences between the two compounds.Full Answer >
Chemists classify carbon as a nonmetal. It is one of only five elements normally found as solids that are not classified as metals, with the others being phosphorous, sulfur, selenium and iodine. On the periodic table, only 17 elements are classified as nonmetals, most of which normally exist as gases.Full Answer >
Carbon comes from the triple alpha process that occurs in the cores of giant or supergiant stars. This is a triple collision of helium nuclei. Because the conditions this required couldn't happen during the creation of the universe, all carbon was made after the Big Bang.Full Answer >
Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas that is produced from the incomplete burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, wood, charcoal, kerosene, propane and natural gas. It is also produced by products that use internal combustion engines, including cars, lawn mowers, motorcycles and generators. Certain modern industrial processes, such as iron smelting, produce carbon monoxide, as do some natural phenomenon, such as volcano eruptions and forest fires.Full Answer >