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What does carbon and hydrogen make?

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Quick Answer

Combining hydrogen and carbon produces a group of organic compounds called hydrocarbons. Depending on the specific molecular formula, there can be many different types of hydrocarbons, such as the fuels propane and octane. The simplest hydrocarbon is methane, which has the chemical formula CH4.

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Full Answer

The four classes of hydrocarbons are alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and aromatics. Alkanes are made up of single-bonded hydrogen and carbon atoms. These organic compounds usually have molecular formulas given by CnH2n+2, where n is given as an integer. Alkenes have a carbon-to-carbon double bond while alkynes exhibit triple bonds. Aromatic hydrocarbons include compounds that contain a benzene ring.

In nature, hydrocarbons are present in plants, natural rubber and in fossil fuels. Natural rubber consists of molecules that have chained units bonded together to form a polymer.

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    What are the properties of carbon?

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    Carbon possesses physical and chemical properties. Carbon is a non-metal that is a soft, gray substance that a person can rub between the fingernails. The element can appear jet black as well. Carbon forms the allotropes graphite, diamond and coal (amorphous). There are thousands of carbon compounds that are essential to organic life.

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    What is the difference between carbon 12 and carbon 14?

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    Where does carbon come from?

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    What is carbon used for in living things?

    A:

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