Combining hydrogen and carbon produces a group of organic compounds called hydrocarbons. Depending on the specific molecular formula, there can be many different types of hydrocarbons, such as the fuels propane and octane. The simplest hydrocarbon is methane, which has the chemical formula CH4.Know More
The four classes of hydrocarbons are alkanes, alkenes, alkynes and aromatics. Alkanes are made up of single-bonded hydrogen and carbon atoms. These organic compounds usually have molecular formulas given by CnH2n+2, where n is given as an integer. Alkenes have a carbon-to-carbon double bond while alkynes exhibit triple bonds. Aromatic hydrocarbons include compounds that contain a benzene ring.
In nature, hydrocarbons are present in plants, natural rubber and in fossil fuels. Natural rubber consists of molecules that have chained units bonded together to form a polymer.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
Carbon possesses physical and chemical properties. Carbon is a non-metal that is a soft, gray substance that a person can rub between the fingernails. The element can appear jet black as well. Carbon forms the allotropes graphite, diamond and coal (amorphous). There are thousands of carbon compounds that are essential to organic life.Full Answer >
The main difference between carbon-12 and carbon-14 is the number of neutrons present in each compound. Carbon-12 has six neutrons, while carbon-14 has eight neutrons, explains About.com. The differing number of neutrons is responsible for numerous differences between the two compounds.Full Answer >
Carbon comes from the triple alpha process that occurs in the cores of giant or supergiant stars. This is a triple collision of helium nuclei. Because the conditions this required couldn't happen during the creation of the universe, all carbon was made after the Big Bang.Full Answer >
Carbon is an element that has unique properties that allow it to form covalent bonds with other elements. These bonds are important in the formation of cells and are crucial to the function of respiration and energy creation, making it one of the most vital elements of life.Full Answer >