Carbon is important because most living creatures on Earth are composed of carbon, according to The State University of New Jersey website. Living things need carbon to grow, live and reproduce.Know More
Carbon is vital in forming large, complex and diverse molecules that characterize living matter, according to Earthlink. It has a bonding capacity of four, which allows it to engage in various structurally different bonding arrangements. It also plays a key role in shaping organic molecules. Carbon is very important to the chemistry of living things, mainly because of the versatility of structures it can form with itself and with other atoms. It is capable of forming four covalent bonds, and it is also capable of forming bonds with various geometries, such as single, double and triple bonds, tetrahedral geometries, linear structures, and polar and non-polar bonds. Carbon can form a large selection of molecules with significantly different chemical characteristics. Carbon skeletons have different shapes and lengths, and they have bonding sites for other elements’ atoms, such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur.
The versatile bonding of carbon is the bases for isomers, which are molecules with the same molecular formula but have different structures and properties. The three kinds of isomers are structural isomers, geometric isomers and optical isomers.Learn more in Organic Chemistry
Carbon can exist in several forms, including graphite, one of the softest naturally occurring substances, and diamond, one of the hardest naturally occurring substances. Carbon has the highest melting point of all the elements and, in the diamond form, has the highest thermal conductivity of any element.Full Answer >
Organic compounds are important because they serve as the basis for all carbon-based life on Earth, create energy production in biological life, cause atmospheric depletion and release hydrocarbon energy. Organic compounds are comprised of hydrogen, oxygen and carbon atoms and are found in all life forms.Full Answer >
Carbon and hydrogen are the two elements always found in organic compounds. Other elements might also be present to complete the compound. Living things, as well as their waste and remains, contain organic compounds.Full Answer >
Carbon dioxide is important because it is used in photosynthesis, a process that is necessary for the survival of life on Earth. Carbon dioxide is also a vital greenhouse gas that helps trap heat in the atmosphere, and it plays a key role in Earth's carbon cycle.Full Answer >