High amounts of alkaline in urine may indicate kidney disease or a urinary tract infection (UTI), according to WebMD. It can also occur as a result of excessive vomiting.Know More
Other causes of high alkaline urine include respiratory alkalosis, pyloric obstruction or a reduction in stomach acids, according to Healthline. Diet can also affect the alkalinity of urine. People who eat lots of fruit and vegetables but not much meat are more likely to have alkaline urine.
Certain drugs can cause alkaline urine, according to Healthline. For example, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors lead to a loss of bicarbonates, causing urine to become alkaline, Drugs.com states. Physicians performing urine pH tests may ask patients to stop taking medications if there's a chance that the medications can affect the results, Healthline states.
To detect whether urine is acidic, alkaline or within a normal range, physicians perform a urine pH test, explains WebMD. This non-invasive test involves urinating in a clean container. To ensure the results are clear, fingers should be kept away from the inside of the container. Physicians should be notified of any medications a person is taking, as they can affect the outcome of the test. The outcome of the test is used be doctors to analyze a patient's kidney health.Learn more about Acids & Bases
The primary difference between heavy-duty batteries and alkaline batteries is the electrolyte they use to produce electricity. Heavy-duty batteries use zinc chloride as the electrolyte, while alkaline batteries use potassium hydroxide, an alkaline, as the electrolyte. A heavy-duty battery uses the outside zinc case as the anode, while an alkaline battery uses the zinc contained in a gel inside a steel case.Full Answer >
During a neutralization reaction, protons and hydroxide ions combine to create water molecules, while the remaining ions from the original acid and base create salt molecules. Neutralization reactions begin when an acid and a base are dissolved in water, and the ions split apart.Full Answer >
E. coli, bacteria located in the digestive tract, is present in urine during a urinary tract infection, Mayo Clinic says. Women are at a higher risk of contracting an infection of the bladder, for which E. coli is mainly responsible.Full Answer >
White blood cells in the urine may indicate a urinary tract infection, according to MedlinePlus. If white blood cells are found, a physician may request a microscope analysis to confirm the presence of an infection.Full Answer >