Low gamma globulin or hypogammaglobulinemia is a deficiency of gamma globulin and a deficiency in the formation of antibodies, and it can be caused either by primary antibody deficiency syndromes or by a wide range of existing medical conditions. Cases of low gamma globulin are rare, according to Patient.co.uk.
Primary immunodeficiencies associated with the disorder include Bruton's X-linked hypogammaglobulinemia, common variable immune deficiency and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, while secondary hypogammaglobulinemia may be caused by pre-existing conditions, including renal failure, thyrotoxicosis, viral infections, immunosuppression or severe malnutrition, states Patient.co.uk. It is a condition that is easily missed during diagnosis because it presents with a bacterial infection, and it is generally organ-specific. Hypogammaglobulinemia is often linked to recurrent and intense infections.Learn More
Kidney disease is a notable cause of low globulin levels, according to Health News Channel. Hemolytic anemia and liver disease are other causes. Malnutrition, celiac disease and bowel inflammation also foster low globulin levels.Full Answer >
Low bicarbonate levels in the blood means that the body has an acid-base imbalance or an electrolyte imbalance, according to Lab Tests Online. Low bicarbonate levels may be due to metabolic acidosis, diabetic ketoacidosis, kidney disease, Addison's disease, chronic diarrhea, methanol, or ethylene glycol or aspirin poisoning.Full Answer >
Blood test results revealing a low MPV (mean platelet volume) show that the amount of platelets in the bloodstream is below average. University of Rochester Medical Center states that a low MPV is an important indicator of a condition known as thrombocytopenia. Low MPV is measured as part of a complete blood count.Full Answer >
According to the School of Nursing and Academic Division of Midwifery at the University of Nottingham, hydrostatic pressure is a type of pressure that is exerted by the blood onto the capillary walls in humans. As blood moves through the capillaries, the hydrostatic pressure drives the blood out of the capillary into the interstitial space.Full Answer >