Q:

What causes a perforated colon?

A:

According to Healthline, a perforated colon can be caused by conditions that include diverticulitis, Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, as well as injuries, such as blunt force traumas and puncture wounds. Other causes more common in the elderly include medications that include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and steroids. A perforated colon must be diagnosed and treated quickly.

Healthline warns that it is important to watch for the potential symptoms of a perforated colon, particularly if a person has an underlying bowel condition. These include severe belly pain, chills, fever, nausea and vomiting. If any bowel contents leak into the abdominal cavity, this results in a condition called peritonitis, an inflammation of the membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity. This condition causes distension of the abdomen and tenderness to the touch. Other symptoms of peritonitis include fatigue, diminished elimination of wastes, shortness of breath and an increased heart rate.

According to Healthline, diagnosis of a perforated colon typically involves X-rays to look for air in the abdomen and chest, as well as CT scans to find the hole in the colon. Blood tests for elevated white blood cell count are also performed. Once diagnosis is confirmed, treatment involves surgery to repair or remove the injured section of the colon and remove any material that has leaked into the abdominal cavity.

Sources:

  1. healthline.com

Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What are causes of colon wall thickening?

    A:

    MD Consult states that the most common reason people experience thickening of the colon wall is diverticulitis. However, edema, congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, infections, parasitic infestations and inflammation can also cause intestinal thickening.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What causes skin to become wrinkly?

    A:

    Wrinkled skin is caused by a variety of biological and environmental factors such as aging, UV radiation exposure, smoking and repeated movements of certain muscles. Aging is an unavoidable process in which the fat underneath the skin diminishes and oil production is decreased, making the skin dryer and reducing elasticity.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What causes organ failure?

    A:

    According to the American Thoracic Society, organ failure is caused by various factors and conditions, including loss of blood, poisoning, serious trauma, drugs, leukemia and acute illnesses. Organ failure can occur within one organ or multiple organs, depending on the underlying causes and normally requires transplantation. Organ failure may be either chronic or acute.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What causes swollen testicles?

    A:

    Swollen testicles can be caused by testicular torsion. This condition causes the testicle to twist inside the scrotum, and is considered a medical emergency, according to Medicine Net. Testicular torsion can disrupt the blood supply to the testicle and may even cause tissue death.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore