Causes of solid waste pollution are pollutants from households, industrial units, manufacturing units, commercial establishments, landfills, hospitals and medical clinics. The pollutants from these places may be in the form of non-biodegradable matter or non-compostable degradable matter.Know More
Trash collected from households often takes the form of plastic bags and organic waste. Solid feces flowing out of homes and into sewers pollute underground water. Commercial establishments also pile up a lot of such waste matter. Industrial units involved in manufacturing produce toxic solid waste, such as slag, from the industrial process of obtaining metals from their ores.
Hospitals and clinics also produce waste in the form of disposable syringes, used test tubes, plastic bags used for collecting blood, cotton swabs and used bandages. Such solid waste needs careful handling and disposal. The soil becomes polluted with dangerous medical waste when such matter is disposed of directly into landfills.
Solid waste is usually dumped in landfills. Landfills are large pits in the ground that act as garbage disposal places. The biodegradable matter in landfills becomes a part of the soil gradually. The toxic non-biodegradable and non-compostable matter poses a health hazard as it does not decompose but mixes with the soil and the underground water.
Industrial incinerators are used to burn trash on a large scale. They cause pollution by emitting greenhouse gases while burning solid waste.Learn more about Pollution
Nuclear waste is caused by industrial, scientific and medical processes that use radioactive materials. The most significant source of nuclear waste is a nuclear reactor. Fuel used in nuclear reactors to generate heat for electricity becomes nuclear waste after it has been used for years.Full Answer >
Ocean pollution is caused by numerous industrial and domestic activities, which include oil spills, garbage dumping, sewage and factory-waste disposal and the use of toxic pesticides. These activities pollute the oceans through drains, rivers and direct dumping. According to All Recycling Facts, land-based activities account for more than 80 percent of ocean pollution.Full Answer >
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration divides the causes of water pollution into two categories: point source pollution and non-point source pollution. Point source pollution comes from a single, identifiable source that discharges pollutants directly into a body of water or after undergoing treatment processes. Non-point source pollution comes from multiple locations that are hard to distinguish and travels some distance before entering a water body.Full Answer >
Some causes of radioactive pollution include nuclear power plants, energy factories, mining, improper waste disposal, nuclear testing, terrorism and other human activities. Radioactive pollution can enter the environment by water, air and soil contamination. Regardless of its origin, radioactive pollution is particularly hazardous to animals and the environment.Full Answer >