Static is caused by the transfer of electrons from one object to another. Transferring electrons can create an imbalance in the charge of the atoms in the two objects, making one more positive and one more negative, effectively attracting them to each other.Know More
All material is made up of atoms. Atoms are comprised of positively charged protons, neutral neutrons and negatively charged electrons. Most of the time, atoms have equal numbers of protons and electrons and have a neutral charge.
When atoms come in contact with other atoms, electrons may transfer between them. An uneven transfer of electrons can create a positively or negatively charged atom. Atoms do not like to remain charged. An excess of electrons is discarded when the atom comes in contact with another atom with the opposite charge. The extra electrons will jump from one atom to another to achieve neutral charges. Sometimes, this jump is accompanied by a tingle or shock.
Some materials are more likely to accept additional electrons than others. Other materials are more likely to give up electrons. When these two differing types of objects come in close contact, static can easily be seen. Silk and glass are two excellent examples of materials that transfer electrons easily causing static.Learn more about Electricity
The transfer of energy from one object to another occurs when there is a reaction, such as during a collision, according to the Chemical Education Digital Library. Different forms of energy, such as heat, light and motion, can be transmitted.Full Answer >
Energy transfer describes energy in some form, usually heat or electricity, being transferred from one object or substance to another. There are natural examples of energy transfer like the sun heating up land, and also manmade examples of energy transfer, such as an oven cooking food with heat.Full Answer >
Electromagnetic induction is the phenomenon of using a magnet to create, or induce, a magnetic field in a conductor while simultaneously dislodging free electrons within it. This produces a flow of current and a rising and collapsing magnetic field around the conductor, which is the opposite polarity to that of the magnet from which it was induced.Full Answer >
Copper is a good conductor of electricity because the valence electrons are free and repel each other so strongly that it causes the repulsion of other electrons. This essentially forces the electricity down the piece of copper, or conducts it down the metal.Full Answer >