The forces that attract water molecules to one another cause surface tension. Water molecules can form hydrogen bonds with each other, and each molecule is attracted to those around it. Molecules at the surface are more attracted to water than the surrounding air, creating surface tension.Know More
The bonds formed by the water molecules at the surface of a volume of water are strong enough to create some unique effects. When water falls through the air in small amounts, instead of falling in a stream, the water tends to form spherical droplets due to the surface tension created by hydrogen bonds. As the water falls through the air, gravity distorts the sphere into the familiar raindrop shape. The same property allows objects that are light enough to float on the surface of the water without breaking the surface. Some insects, for instance, can run across the surface of still water due to the fact that their weight is insufficient to break the tension created by hydrogen bonds on the surface.
The reason hot water seems to wash clothes and dishes more completely than cold water is due to surface tension. Heated water molecules vibrate and move around, reducing the surface tension and allowing the water to soak into soiled areas of clothing or dishes. Adding soap or detergent further decreases the surface tension, allowing the water to serve as a powerful solvent.Learn more about Motion & Mechanics
Water has a low vapor pressure due to the strong intermolecular forces between its molecules. The type of chemical bonding between water molecules is referred to as hydrogen bonding.Full Answer >
Any body in water floats or sinks depending on the buoyant forces that push it up and the gravity that pulls it down. If the body is heavier than the water it displaces, it sinks. If the water the body displaces is heavier, then the body floats.Full Answer >
According to Archimedes' principle, buoyant forces are equal to the weight of water an object displaces; therefore, solid objects and watertight hollow vessels displace the greatest amount of water when submerged, maximizing the forces exerted on the object. If the object is less dense than water, it floats to the surface until the weight of the object and the buoyant forces reach equilibrium.Full Answer >
A meniscus forms mainly because of adhesion and partly because of the fairly high surface tension of water, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). A meniscus can move up or down depending on whether the molecules of the liquid are attracted to themselves or to the outside material.Full Answer >