Vortexes can either be caused by gravitational pull, or by uneven heating and cooling of the earth's surface. Liquid vortexes are generally created by gravity, such as when water spirals down the drain in the bathtub, while gas or atmospheric vortexes like tornadoes are created by the second method.
Vortexes are formed when two substances move rapidly to replace each other along a vertical track. In the case of liquid vortexes, the substances are usually the liquid in question and the surrounding air. In atmospheric vortexes, the substances are generally hot air, which has a tendency to rise, and cold air, which has the tendency to sink.Learn More
The circulation of air in the atmosphere is caused by the rotation of the Earth and energy from the Sun as warm air rises and the colder air sinks. Large scale air movement in the atmosphere is called atmospheric circulation.Full Answer >
The heating of the troposphere is caused by convection currents. Convection currents are created when the sun warms the air currents at the planet's equator to a greater degree than it does at the planet's poles.Full Answer >
Tidal waves are caused by the gravitational pull of the sun and moon on the Earth. The moon's gravitational pull has a greater influence on Earth because it is closer. The moon creates a bulge in the ocean on the side of Earth closest to it.Full Answer >
All tides, including the cycle of spring and neap tides, are caused by the gravitational pull of the sun and moon on Earth's ocean tides. Each month, the angles and alignment of the sun, moon and Earth work to influence the cycle of tides.Full Answer >