Cellulose ethanol is used to make a biofuel. It is not used as a food source even though it comes from plant sources.Know More
Cellulose is grown all around the world. It is the fiber that is found in the stems, stalks and leaves of trees and plants. The ethanol that comes from it is an alternative source of biofuel. It is a superior source because it's expected to be energy efficient and less expensive than the ethanol from other sources. This is because it can be made out of the less expensive feedstocks, including wheat straw, rice straw, sawdust, forest thinning and grasses. Perennial grasses and switchgrass are particularly good sources for the ethanol.
The fungus Trichoderma reesei may be used to break the cellulose down into fermentable sugars for this purpose. The guts of termites are another viable option for this process as termites break down woody biomass to create sugars. Acid is something else that can be used to convert the cellulose to gas and then into biofuel. It is possible to convert the cellulose to sugars at a low cost. For this reason, many commercial applications are being planned at the moment. A U.S. ethanol producer named Broin plans to turn one of its corn-to-ethanol plants into a biorefinery for stover and corn grain.Learn more about Biology
Glycogen is used as a mobile glucose storage device. The metabolism of glucose is one of the primary ways that the body gets the necessary energy for cells to function, according to "Biochemistry."Full Answer >
Facilitated diffusion is considered passive transport because substances pass through a cell membrane with the assistance of a protein carrier, and no cellular energy is used in this process. Solutes use facilitated diffusion to move from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration.Full Answer >
The energy from respiration is used to utilize stored energy within an organism's body when necessary. Cellular respiration involves the chemical release of stored glucose through oxidation.Full Answer >
Flora and fauna mean plants and animals; the word "flora" is used to discuss plant life, while the word "fauna" refers to animal life. This term is often applied to a specific biome, ecosystem or place, such as "the flora and fauna of the New Mexico desert" or "common flora and fauna of the tundra." These are just two forms of life that can exist in a place and do not include other life forms such as fungi or single-celled, non-plant and non-animal organisms such as bacteria; the general term to refer to all of the different forms of life that can exist in a specific place is "biota."Full Answer >