A nonliving thing is a body or object that is inanimate or dead. It is anything that lacks or stops displaying the characteristics of life. One of the most significant characteristics and differences of a nonliving to a living thing is its lack of protoplasm, which is the living substance of cells. Without protoplasm, nonliving things are not capable of reproduction, growth, movement, respiration and metabolism.Know More
Nonliving things are classified into two primary types: things that were never part of any living entity and things that were once parts of a living thing. Any chemical element, such as gold, copper and silver, are examples of the first type. The first type can be divided into two classifications: artificial and naturally occurring nonliving things. Cars, pencils and bags are examples of artificial objects, while soil, air, water and stone are nonliving things by nature. Coal, which is formed when dead plant matter decomposes into peat, is an example of the second type of nonliving things. Paper, though nonliving, is made from trees.
Nonliving things also have unlimited duration of existence. While living things die and decompose, nonliving things such as rocks, mountains, air and water have existed for millions of years. They may grow, but they do so only by accretion, which is the process of growth by accumulating added layers of matter.Learn more about Biology
Living things reproduce, grow, adapt to the environment, respond to stimuli and metabolize. They also undergo homeostasis, collect and convert nutrients, and use energy. Living things are organized into one or more cells. The five groups of living things are the animal, plant, monera, protista and fungi kingdoms.Full Answer >
Living things like animals and plants can interact with the non-living environment, including the soil, climate and water, to cause effects on each other that can be positive, negative or neutral. For example, animals benefit from a non-living environment with plenty of water and air because these are essential for survival. If a living organism cannot adapt to its non-living surroundings (such as a lack of sunlight or too hot or cold temperature) or cannot get what it needs from these surroundings (such as water), then the living organism will have problems surviving and will thus be negatively affected.Full Answer >
Living and nonliving things bear commonalities in that they are both comprised of matter, obey physical laws and tend toward states of minimum energy. Living things are different in that they can repair damage, grow and reproduce.Full Answer >
The characteristics that all living things share are cells, growth, reproduction, adaptation, homeostasis, use of energy and response to the environment. Using these characteristics, it is easy to determine if something is living, dead or non-living.Full Answer >