Q:

What are the characteristics of the planet Venus?

A:

The planet Venus is the second closest to the sun. Sometimes called Earth's twin due to its similar size, mass and density, Venus is a rocky terrestrial world with a number of unique features that are not found on the other planets within the solar system.

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Slightly smaller than Earth, Venus has an orbital period of 225 days and a slow rate of rotation that results in a day that is longer than its year. Venus has no moons or rings, but does spin in the opposite direction of the other planets' rotations. Beneath its thick atmosphere, the surface of Venus is a barren volcanic landscape. The Venera 3 was a Soviet space probe that became the first man-made object to land on the surface of Venus.

Venus has an atmosphere made up of carbon dioxide with clouds of sulfuric acid. Atmospheric pressure is much higher on Venus, with a surface pressure some 90 times higher than that of Earth's. Venus suffers from a runaway greenhouse effect, and temperatures on the planet can reach up to 870 degrees Fahrenheit. Venus is sometimes called the Morning or Evening Star, as light reflected from the clouds that make up its atmosphere makes it one of the brightest and most easily recognized objects in the sky.

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  • Q:

    What is Venus' nickname?

    A:

    The planet Venus' nicknames are the Morning Star and the Evening Star. From Earth, the planet sometimes looks like a bight star in the morning and the evening skies.

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  • Q:

    What is the planet Venus made of?

    A:

    The planet Venus is made up of rocks. Its rocky surface appears to be the result of volcanic activity. The planet's low rocky plains make it very barren.

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  • Q:

    How did Venus get its name?

    A:

    The name for the planet Venus comes from the name of the ancient Roman goddess of beauty, fertility and love, which was also Venus. Every planet in the solar system except Earth is named after a Roman deity, but Venus is the only one to be named after a goddess instead of a god.

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  • Q:

    Can you see Jupiter without a telescope?

    A:

    Jupiter is visible without a telescope and is the fourth-brightest object in the sky after the sun, the moon and the planet Venus. It is three times brighter than the brightest star, Sirius.

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